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Amtrak accident is the latest in a string over the past few years

Stephen Brashear/Getty Images(NEW YORK) -- An Amtrak train carrying Republican members of Congress slammed into a garbage truck in western Virginia Wednesday morning, killing one and injuring several others.

The incident was the latest in a series of Amtrak accidents in recent years.

These are six recent, major incidents involving Amtrak trains, from Washington state to the Northeast.

Jan. 31, 2018: Virginia

A chartered Amtrak train carrying Republican members of Congress to a legislative retreat crashed into a garbage truck at a railroad crossing in Virginia on Wednesday, killing one person and injuring seven.

The crash occurred in Crozet, Virginia, about 15 miles west of Charlottesville, as the group headed to The Greenbrier resort in West Virginia.

Some members of Congress and their spouses who are doctors assisted in the rescue efforts.

"Every member of the 'Doc Caucus' got out of the train and helped the guys who'd been injured," Rep. Neal Dunn, R-Fla., told ABC News, referring to the self-titled group of doctors who are currently working in Congress.

Dunn said the doors were locked, but another Congressman who was an Army Ranger "knew how to unlock the door and he got us out."

"You couldn’t miss this crash. This was a huge trash truck," he said. "We hit this thing and you knew you hit something, you just weren’t sure what."

 One of the two passengers in the trash truck died, local authorities said. The other trash truck passenger was hospitalized in critical condition and the driver was hospitalized in serious condition, authorities said.

Five people on the train were taken to hospitals, Amtrak said.

NTSB Board Member Earl Weener said the agency was treating the incident as an "accident," responding to reporter questions about whether it could have been an intentional act targeting GOP lawmakers.

"If we find anything that indicates that this was intentional, we will turn that over to the FBI," he said.

Amtrak said in a statement Wednesday, "It is premature to offer specific comment about this incident, however, it is clear that accidents at rail crossings nationwide are far too common. This is an opportunity to remind everyone about the importance of exercising caution around railroad rights-of-way. Amtrak continues to work closely with Operation Lifesaver to communicate the dangers of grade crossings."

There were 1,880 incidents at rail crossings in the first 11 months of 2017, including 96 with trucks, according to the Federal Railroad Administration.

Dec. 18, 2017: Washington state

On Dec. 18, 2017, an Amtrak train traveling from Seattle to Portland was on the inaugural run of a new route when it derailed near Dupont, Washington, about 20 miles south of Tacoma.

The train entered a curve at 78 mph; the speed limit in the area is 30 mph.

All but one of the train's 14 cars jumped the tracks. Some train cars were dangling off a bridge over Interstate 5.

Three were killed and 70 were injured, officials said.

 The engineer said he missed a mile marker and a speed sign prior to the fatal crash, according to the NTSB.

He added that he had performed as many as 13 qualifying trips on the route in the five weeks preceding the opening of the new service.

Before the start of his shift on the day of the accident, the engineer said he felt rested and alert and was aware of the 30 mph speed restriction on the curve, just prior to mile marker 20.

The engineer said he remembered passing mileposts 16 and 17, but not 18 or the 30 mph advance speed sign ahead of the curve.

He has 13 years of total experience at Amtrak and told investigators he applied the brakes when he saw the 30 mph sign at the start of the curve. The train derailed seconds later.

A qualifying conductor was present in the locomotive at the time of the derailment, but the engineer said it was not a distraction and there was minimal conversation.

Positive Train Control was not activated on the tracks at the time of the derailment.

An Amtrak spokesperson told ABC News they are cooperating with the NTSB investigation.

April 3, 2016: Pennsylvania

On April 3, 2016, an Amtrak train with over 300 passengers on board was heading from New York to Savannah, Georgia, when it partially derailed in Chester, Pennsylvania, after striking a backhoe that was on the tracks.

Two maintenance works were killed and more than 30 passengers were injured.

After a 19-month investigation, the NTSB last year identified 20 different factors that contributed to the crash.

Investigators said Amtrak had a "weak safety culture" where employees frequently took shortcuts and put on-time performance over safety. The NTSB had previously disclosed toxicology reports indicating marijuana in the system of the train's engineer and cocaine or opioids in the systems of the maintenance workers who died, but it did not conclude that the employees were impaired at the time of the crash.

While drug use did not have a "direct causal link to this accident," according to investigators, it is a reflection of a lax safety culture at Amtrak, they said.

Railroad repairs were ongoing in the days leading up to the fatal accident. A night foreman was found to have lifted a track safety closure while a backhoe remained on the track. The day foreman did not restore the closure, according to investigators, leading to a train’s striking the backhoe at nearly 100 mph.

NTSB chairman Robert Sumwalt described the mistake by the foremen as "the fundamental error of the night."

Among the contributing factors named in the crash were lack of communication between employees, the improper establishment of work zones and pressure from managers to keep trains running on time.

Positive train control had been installed in the Northeast corridor where the crash occurred, but investigators said a series of human errors, such as not properly establishing the work zone, circumvented the technology.

The engineer on the involved train was fired after the accident because of his toxicology report, according to the NTSB.

Amtrak has "taken a series of actions to improve workplace safety," company spokeswoman Kimberly Woods told ABC News in November.

March 14, 2016: Kansas

In the early morning of March 14, 2016, an Amtrak train heading from Los Angeles to Chicago derailed in southwest Kansas, injuring more than 30 people.

Investigators said a feed truck had hit the track, causing it to shift about 12 to 14 inches before the derailment.

The engineer was “quite vigilant” and noticed the misalignment on the track and pulled the emergency brake, which was likely the reason the derailment was not “worse,” NTSB spokesman Earl Weener said at a news conference.

The train was traveling at 60 mph, the normal speed limit.

Oct. 5, 2015: Vermont

The morning of Oct. 5, 2015, an Amtrak train traveling from St. Albans, Vermont, to Washington, D.C., derailed over an embankment near Northfield, Vermont.

Seven people were injured.

May 12, 2015: Pennsylvania

A New York-bound Amtrak train derailed near Philadelphia on the night of May 12, 2015, killing eight people and injuring more than 200.

The National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) said the train was traveling at 106 mph in an area where the speed is restricted to 50 mph.

That segment of the track just north of Philadelphia at the time lacked positive train control, a safety technology that, among other things, is designed to automatically slow trains that are traveling too fast, according to the NTSB. Amtrak has since fully implemented the technology throughout the Northeast corridor.

Federal safety regulators said in 2016 that the engineer, Brandon Bostian, was likely distracted by radio traffic about an emergency situation on a train in the Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority (SEPTA) system. Bostian had just passed a SEPTA train with a shattered windshield and was “very concerned” about its engineer, who had requested medical attention, according to a transcript of his interview with the NTSB.

With his attention diverted, Bostian likely “lost track of where he was” and didn’t realize the reduced speed limit to accommodate a curve, the NTSB said.

Amtrak said it would "quickly implement" the NTSB's recommendations after a review.

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