Entries in Visas (2)


Immigrant Creates US Jobs, Gets Boot over Visa

iStockphoto/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) -- Last year, Amit Aharoni, an Israeli national and a graduate of Stanford Business School, secured $1.65 million in venture capital funding with two co-founders to launch, an online cruise booking company.

Business Insider ranked the company, which is set to launch its website in just a few weeks, one of the "20 Hot Silicon Valley Startups You Need to Watch," and Aharoni has already hired nine Americans.

But this story of entrepreneurship and job creation is hitting rough waters because Aharoni is not American. On Oct. 4, Aharoni received a letter from U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services denying his request for a visa and notifying him that he needed to leave the country immediately.

The government said Aharoni's job as CEO does not require someone with his high-level degree, even though he created the company.

"[The] letter is practically humiliating. It says you have to leave the country, as if I committed a crime of some sort by creating nine jobs," Aharoni said.

Immediately after receiving the letter denying his visa application, Aharoni left for Vancouver, where he now tries to guide his company from a friend's living room. He says he believes his San Francisco-headquartered business could create hundreds of jobs in the next five years, a plan that is now in jeopardy.

"I fear that I will be forced to move the center of gravity of CruiseWise to a different place where I can rely on sensible immigration policy," Aharoni told ABC News. "And that would mean that the hundreds of jobs that we'd hope to create would not be created in the U.S. but somewhere else."

A USCIS spokeswoman said the agency is "working to streamline" the visa process for immigrant entrepreneurs.

Steve Davis, CruiseWise's chief of operations, told ABC News that the USCIS's decision is incomprehensible to him.

"Amit has brought together a million and a half dollars of investment, almost two-thirds of that from outside the U.S., and invested it right here in the United States," Davis said. "[He] created nine new jobs and then at the end of this process was told that he needed to the leave the country."

While the United States forced Aharoni out, there are other countries that are eager to have entrepreneurs, enticing them with special visas and funding. According to Partnership for a New American Economy, an organization that advocates "the economic benefits of sensible immigration reform," countries including the United Kingdom, Singapore and Chile have visas for entrepreneurs. Chile even has a program that offers $40,000 in seed funding.

It is a problem politicians in America acknowledge but have not solved.

According to statistics from Partnership for a New American Economy, 40 percent of Fortune 500 companies were founded by immigrants or their children.

President Obama addressed the issue during a town hall in July.

"What I want to do is make sure that talented people who come to this country to study, to get degrees, and are in -- willing and interested in starting up businesses, can do so, as opposed to going back home and starting those businesses over there to compete against the United States and take away U.S. jobs," he said.

In a May op-ed in The Wall Street Journal titled "A New Immigration Consensus," New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg advocated for reform.

"When every other country wants the best and the brightest, we're trying to keep them out. It doesn't make a lot of sense. ... [T]he truth of the matter is we are sending the future overseas," Bloomberg told ABC News Tuesday. "We need people to start companies and create jobs. People that come from overseas are something like ... five times more likely to create jobs than people who are here....So we've got to do something about this."

Senators Mark Udall, D-Colo., John Kerry, D-Mass., and Richard Lugar, R-Ind., are taking action, reintroducing the "StartUp Visa Act," a bill they originally proposed two years ago. The act would allow "immigrant entrepreneurs and foreign graduates from U.S. universities to appeal for a two-year visa on the condition that they secure financing from a qualified U.S. investor and can demonstrate the ability to create American jobs."

America has a long history of immigrant entrepreneurs. John Nordstrom immigrated to the United States at the age of 16 and eventually founded Nordstrom's. The cofounders of Pfizer, Charles Pfizer and Charles Ernhard, moved from Germany as adults to start the pharmaceutical giant. And Andy Grove, cofounder of Intel, came to the United States at the age of 20 after escaping communist Hungary.

From 1995 to 2005 immigrants helped found a quarter of all high-tech companies in America, creating 450,000 jobs, according to Partnership for a New American Economy.

Aharoni hopes he can create the next great U.S. company, but for now he waits, running his business from 900 miles away, wishing he could resume his American dream.

Copyright 2011 ABC News Radio


Made in America: Visa Process Slows Down Tourism  

John Foxx/Thinkstock(WASHINGTON) -- In the decade between 2000 and 2010, the number of foreign overseas tourists traveling the world grew by an astounding 60 million. You would think the numbers would grow in the United States as well, but they haven't. Ten years ago 26 million overseas visitors visited the U.S. In 2010: 26.4 million, according to the U.S. Travel Association, a trade group. That's hardly any growth at all.

Take a look at the numbers. The average Chinese tourist who visits America spends $6,243 while they're here, according to the U.S. Travel Association. Visitors from India spend $6,131. Brazilian tourists coming to America spend $4,940.

"I want to go to New York and California, maybe Las Vegas -- the Grand Canyon and Yellowstone Park," said one man waiting for a visa in Rio de Janiero.

But there is a catch, and it's a big one. There is no guarantee he or any other foreign tourists will get to come and spend their money here.

In fact, last year, tourists from Brazil had to wait up to 145 days just to interview for the required piece of paper.

In China, there are 1.3 billion people and only five places where you can even get an American visa. This year, the wait time has been up to 120 days just to get an interview.

"You're talking about visas simply to visit the U.S., not to stay here," said Hal Sirkin, a senior partner at the Boston Consulting Group. "Yes, this is not about people staying here. This is people who come, may spend two weeks, may spend a lot of money, creating American jobs, and then go back to the countries they came from."

Why, with tens of millions of travelers worldwide, have America's numbers stayed the same?

"We don't have the people to process them, and we don't have the facilities and the locations to process them," said Sirkin. "This could all be changed, and this could create literally millions of jobs in the United States."

In New York City, the W Hotel is trying lure Chinese travelers by catering to Chinese culture.

The hotel has entire menus in Mandarin, as well as tea kettles and the customary slippers.

"The U.S. is the number-one outbound destination of choice for Chinese travelers today," said Frits van Paasschen, CEO of Starwood Hotels.

But, because they can't get here, he said, they go to Europe.

All around the world, in Brazil, India and China, the fast-growing middle classes look to travel to the U.S., but only 13 percent actually come here, according to the U.S. Travel Association -- some say, because it's so difficult to get a visa. Thirty-eight percent travel to Europe instead because it's easier.

In the last decade, the U.S. lost out on 78 million overseas visitors -- that's $606 billion in spending -- in stores, malls, tourist destinations right here in America -- enough to add nearly half a million jobs every year.

The State Department told ABC News that safety and security comes first, but acknowledged they're working on the problem.

"We don't want anyone to wait, but we believe that most of those who are waiting will be coming," said David Donahue, deputy assistant secretary of state for visas, who added they are sending additional consular officers to both Brazil and China this year to increase processing capacity.

"It takes time to build new facilities, to grow," Donahue said. "This is a rather new phenomenon in China, that this many people want to come to the United States, and we have to address that need, but it takes time to grow to meet the growth in China."

In the meantime, those lines are growing and so, say economists, are the missed opportunities.

Copyright 2011 ABC News Radio

ABC News Radio