Entries in Library of Congress (6)


"Dirty Harry" Among Movies Added to National Film Registry

Comstock/Thinkstock(LOS ANGELES) -- The Library of Congress just made Clint Eastwood’s day.  The Hollywood Reporter says Eastwood’s 1971 film Dirty Harry is one of 25 motion pictures to be included this year in the National Film Registry. 

Other films making the cut include the 1961 classic Breakfast at Tiffany’s, the James Stewart 1959 thriller Anatomy of a Murder, Penny Marshall’s A League of Their Own from 1992, and the 1999 epic The Matrix.

This year’s list also includes several documentaries.

According to the National Film Preservation Act, films named to the Registry must be “culturally, historically or aesthetically” significant.

James Billington, the Librarian of Congress, tells The Hollywood Reporter that films chosen for the National Film Registry are not selected as the best American films of all-time, but rather “as works of enduring importance to American culture.”

“They reflect who we are as a people and as a nation,” Billington said.

Copyright 2012 ABC News Radio


Prince, Donna Summer Records Tapped for Library of Congress

Jeffrey Mayer/WireImage(WASHINGTON) -- The Library of Congress Wednesday tapped 25 recordings, from spoken-word pieces to Donna Summer‘s 1977 hit “I Feel Love” and an album from A Charlie Brown Christmas, to be inducted into its National Recording Registry in its 10th year.

To be considered for selection, the recordings had to be “culturally, historically or aesthetically significant” and at least 10 years old.

The recordings -- which now total 350 with Wednesday’s additions -- will be located in the library’s Packard Campus for Audio Visual Conservation in Culpeper, Va.

The Edison Talking Doll cylinder, created in 1888, was the registry’s oldest selection. It was found in 1967 in the desk of Thomas Edison’s assistant and had been made to allow children’s dolls to “talk.” It plays a recording of “Twinkle, Twinkle Little Star” but had been considered unplayable because of the cylinder’s poor condition. In 2011, its surface was scanned in 3-D with digital mapping tools.

The most contemporary pick was Prince and the Revolution’s Purple Rain from 1984. In a first for Prince, this album -- his sixth -- consisted of a band, not simply the artist playing several instruments to create his unique sound. According to the Library of Congress, portions of the album were recorded in his hometown of Minneapolis.

Below is a complete list of the registry’s picks.

  1. Edison Talking Doll cylinder (1888)
  2. “Come Down Ma Evenin’ Star,” Lillian Russell (1912)
  3. “Ten Cents a Dance,” Ruth Etting (1930)
  4. “Voices from the Days of Slavery,” Various speakers (1932-1941 interviews; 2002 compilation)
  5. “I Want to Be a Cowboy’s Sweetheart,” Patsy Montana (1935)
  6. “Fascinating Rhythm,” Sol Hoopii and his Novelty Five (1938)
  7. “Artistry in Rhythm,” Stan Kenton & and his Orchestra (1943)
  8. Debut performance with the New York Philharmonic, Leonard Bernstein (Nov. 14, 1943)
  9. International Sweethearts of Rhythm: Hottest Women’s Band of the 1940s (1944-1946)
  10. “The Indians for Indians Hour” (March 25, 1947)
  11. “Hula Medley,” Gabby Pahinui (1947)
  12. “I Can Hear It Now,” Fred W. Friendly and Edward R. Murrow (1948)
  13. “Let’s Go Out to the Programs,” The Dixie Hummingbirds (1953)
  14. “Also Sprach Zarathustra,” Fritz Reiner and the Chicago Symphony Orchestra (1954, 1958)
  15. “Bo Diddley” and “I’m a Man,” Bo Diddley (1955)
  16. “Green Onions,” Booker T. & the M.G.’s (1962)
  17. “Forever Changes,” Love (1967)
  18. “The Continental Harmony: Music of William Billings,” Gregg Smith Singers (1969)
  19. “A Charlie Brown Christmas,” Vince Guaraldi Trio (1970)
  20. “Coat of Many Colors,” Dolly Parton (1971)
  21. “Mothership Connection,” Parliament (1975)
  22. Barton Hall concert by the Grateful Dead (May 8, 1977)
  23. “I Feel Love,” Donna Summer (1977)
  24. “Rapper’s Delight,” Sugarhill Gang (1979)
  25. “Purple Rain,” Prince and the Revolution (1984)

Copyright 2012 ABC News Radio


Library of Congress' National Film Registry Welcomes 25 New Additions

Comstock/Thinkstock(WASHINGTON) -- Disney's Bambi, the 1991 Anthony Hopkins thriller The Silence of the Lambs and the 1994 Tom Hanks movie Forrest Gump are among 25 films that have been added to the Library of Congress' National Film Registry for preservation.

Every year, the Library of Congress selects 25 movies that it considers "culturally, historically or aesthetically significant" for preservation.

Also making the cut this year: the 1921 Charlie Chaplin film The Kid, 1953's The War of the Worlds, 1959's Porgy and Bess and 1988's Stand and Deliver.

Here are all 25 movies that made the registry, in alphabetical order, with the year of their release:

-- Allures, 1961
-- Bambi, 1942
-- The Big Heat, 1953
-- A Computer Animated Hand, 1972
-- Crisis: Behind a Presidential Commitment, 1963
-- A Cure for Pokeritis, 1912
-- El Mariachi, 1992
-- Faces, 1968
-- Fake Fruit Factory, 1986
-- Forrest Gump, 1994
-- Growing Up Female, 1971
-- Hester Street, 1975
-- I, An Actress, 1977
-- The Iron Horse, 1924
-- The Kid, 1921
-- The Lost Weekend, 1945
-- The Negro Soldier, 1944
-- Nicholas Brothers Family Home Movies, 1930s-40s
-- Norma Rae, 1979
-- Porgy and Bess, 1959
-- The Silence of the Lambs, 1991
-- Stand and Deliver, 1988
-- Twentieth Century, 1934
-- The War of the Worlds, 1953

Copyright 2011 ABC News Radio


Twenty-Five Historic Recordings Named by Library of Congress

Comstock/Thinkstock(WASHINGTON) -- The Library of Congress announced 25 significant American recordings Wednesday that will be preserved as part of the National Recording Registry. The list mixes music like "Take Me Out to the Ball Game," with the underwater recording of humpback whales that changed public opinion about the great creatures, and the first recording of contemporary stand-up comedy. 

"The salient question is not whether we should preserve these artifacts, but how best collectively to save this indispensable part of our history," said Librarian of Congress' James H. Billington.

Some of the recordings to be preserved sound like nothing more than scratches, but very important ones. "Phonautograms," recorded by Edourd-Leon Scott de Martinville between 1853 and 1861, are some of the first recorded sounds -- ever.

Scott de Martinville used a boar's-bristle stylus, vibrating in sympathy with a guitar and a human voice, to etch vibrations onto blackened glass plates. Later, he made recordings on paper wrapped around a drum, though he never intended to play them back. Not until 2008 were researchers from the first sound group able to play the recordings for the first time.

President Thomas Jefferson was instrumental in establishing the Library of Congress, the oldest federal cultural institution, and creating the post of Librarian of Congress in 1802. The National Recording Preservation Act of 2000 gave the library the task of selecting 25 recordings every year that are "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant." This year's selections bring the registry to 325 recordings.

The song "Take Me Out to the Ball Game" has by now become synonymous with baseball, but did you know it is about a woman? It was composed in 1908. It was recorded by all three of the major record companies at the time -- Victor, Columbia and Edison, but few copies have survived. A recording made by Edward Meeker, an announcer for Edison at the time, has been found and will be on the national registry

Ever wonder what Duke Ellington, Billie Holiday, Benny Goodman and Peggy Lee were like in person? Interviews presented by Willis Conover in 1956 will help. Virtually unknown in the United States, Conover was a fixture on Voice of America for 40 years until his death in 1996, broadcasting jazz and interviews across the world, bypassing physical roadblocks with radio waves.

"Songs of a Humpback Whale," released in 1970, helped change people's perception of whales and transform their view of whaling. Using underwater microphones, Frank Watlington, a Bermudian, showed that not only could whales communicate; they could do so with beauty and complexity.

The classic hip-hop album 3 Feet High and Rising by the group De La Soul was also chosen for preservation. The group, attempting to buck the increasing turn toward stark urban naturalism, released this album in 1989 to widespread acclaim for their upbeat and often humorous album. The artists gathered a wide range of music to create their beats, drawing from Otis Redding, Steely Dan, Johnny Cash and Billy Joel. Even Liberace makes an appearance.

These are just a few of the classic and important recordings chosen from the scope of American recording to be preserved for as long as the Library of Congress remains in operation.

Copyright 2011 ABC News Radio


Steely Dan, Al Green Music Join National Recording Registry

Comstock/Thinkstock(WASHINGTON) -- Steely Dan's classic album Aja and Al Green's signature hit, "Let's Stay Together," are among the recordings that the Library of Congress will add to the National Recording Registry this year.

Each year, the Library of Congress selects certain recordings for preservation that "represent the vast imagination and creativity of the nation's aural heritage."

In addition to "Let's Stay Together" and Aja, which produced the smash hit "Peg," the 25 recordings going into the registry this year include a 1908 recording of "Take Me Out to the Ballgame," Henri Mancini's "Music from Peter Gunn," Tammy Wynette's "Stand by Your Man," and De La Soul's groundbreaking 1989 hip-hop album 3 Feet High and Rising.

Copyright 2011 ABC News Radio


'Airplane!', 'Empire Strikes Back' to Join Library of Congress

Image Courtesy - Paramount Pictures(WASHINGTON) -- It's official. When, in hundreds of years, the future of humanity scours the U.S. Library of Congress for clues as to how primitively we lived back in the early 21st century, the jive-talking granny in Airplane! could very well be integral to the study.

That movie, a slapstick comedy from 1980, along with 24 other films will be added to the National Film Registry this year because they have been deemed "culturally, historically or aesthetically significant," according to the National Film Registry Board.

Check out the full list below:

1. Airplane! (1980)
2. All the President's Men (1976)
3. The Bargain (1914)
4. Cry of Jazz (1959)
5. Electronic Labyrinth: THX 1138 4EB (1967)
6. The Empire Strikes Back (1980)
7. The Exorcist (1973)
8. The Front Page (1931)
9. Grey Gardens (1976)
10. I Am Joaquin (1969)
11. It's a Gift (1934)
12. Let There Be Light (1946)
13. Lonesome (1928)
14. Make Way for Tomorrow (1937)
15. Malcolm X (1992)
16. McCabe and Mrs. Miller (1971)
17. Newark Athlete (1891)
18. Our Lady of the Sphere (1969)
19. The Pink Panther (1964)
20. Preservation of the Sign Language (1913)
21. Saturday Night Fever (1977)
22. Study of a River (1996)
23. Tarantella (1940)
24. A Tree Grows in Brooklyn (1945)
25. A Trip Down Market Street (1906)

Copyright 2010 ABC News Radio

ABC News Radio