Two Children Being Tested for Possible Ebola in Ohio

Credit: Martin Barraud/Getty Images(COLUMBUS, Ohio) -- Ohio public health officials are testing two children for the Ebola virus after they developed fevers following a trip to West Africa.

"We have two cases that we're testing," Jose Rodriguez, director of public affairs and communications for the Columbus Public Health Department, said Sunday. "We're not in a panic situation."

Two sisters, ages 4 and 6, were taken to Nationwide Children's Hospital in Columbus early Sunday morning after they showed signs of a fever, Rodriguez said.

They are being kept in isolation and are receiving supportive care, Rodriguez said. Doctors are also testing the girls for other respiratory illnesses, like influenza and enterovirus D68, Rodriguez said.

The girls' mother is not being held in isolation. She was not identified as a high-risk individual, Rodriguez explained, because she was not in Sierra Leone as a health care worker.

The identities of the girls and their mother have not been released.

The girls returned from Sierra Leone 17 days ago, Rodriguez said. Since returning, their temperatures have been monitored twice daily.

Rodriguez said the girls will remain in isolation for several days. If they test negative for Ebola, they will likely be tested again.

EMS staff who took the children to the hospital wore protective gear and are not considered to be at risk for contracting the virus. They will be monitored if the children test positive for the virus, according to the Columbus Health Department.

The children's test results were expected later Sunday.

The Columbus Health Department was working with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the state health department on the situation.

Sierra Leone is one of the four countries hardest hit by the Ebola outbreak in West Africa.

Copyright 2014 ABC News Radio


Hookah Use Linked to Increased Presence of Chemical Linked to Cancer 

Credit: Image Source/Getty Images(NEW YORK) -- A study conducted by researchers in San Diego found a link between hookah smoking an a toxin that has been known to cause cancer.

According to the study, published in the journal Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention, urine samples taken from a group of hookah smokers and non-smokers were tested to determine the amount of benzene in their body. Benzene, a chemical that has been linked to certain cancers, including leukemia, is often found in higher amounts in the bodies of those who smoke cigarettes.

Researchers said that the participants in their study who had smoked hooked had benzene byproducts in their systems at nearly 30 times the amount as in non-smokers. All participants were tested following a lounge event.

It was not clear whether a link exists between hookah use and an increased risk of leukemia.

Copyright 2014 ABC News Radio


Generic Drug Prices Skyrocketing, Lawmakers Warn

iStock/Thinkstock(WASHINGTON) — The prices of some common generic drugs have skyrocketed in recent years, but the reasons remain murky, lawmakers said.

The hearing of the Senate subcommittee on primary health and aging on Thursday was called after Vermont Sen. Bernie Sanders and Maryland Rep. Elijah Cummings announced they were investigating why some generic drug prices have risen hundreds to thousands of percent -- putting a severe strain on the pocketbooks of many people who rely on generics to reduce costs compared to brand-name drugs.

To combat the rising prices, Sanders said he was introducing a bill that would require generic drug makers to pay a rebate to Medicaid if the cost increases faster than inflation.

The prices of more than 1,200 generic medications increased an average of 448 percent between July 2013 and July 2014, Sanders said during the hearing, citing federal records.

Among the drugs cited by Sanders and Cummings was a popular asthma medication, albuterol sulfate, which increased in price over 40 fold for two tablets, from $11 to $434, between October 2013 and April 2014, according to data from the Healthcare Supply Chain Association, a trade association representing multi-hospital systems, health care provider alliances and purchasing groups, among others.

Another drug, an antibiotic called doxycycline hyclate, rose in price from an average of $20 to $1,849 per bottle between October 2013 and April 2014 -- a more-than 90-fold increase -- according to data from the association.

Other medications for blood pressure, high cholesterol and heart attacks increased in price between three-fold and 40-fold, association data showed.

Sanders and Cummings sent letters in October to various pharmaceutical companies asking for comment about price increases and invited officials from three companies to testify at Thursday's hearing, but none of them agreed to attend, Sanders said.

But in a statement, the CEO of Generic Pharmaceutical Association called the proposed legislation "misguided."

CEO Ralph Neas said the findings were too narrowly focused on just 10 drugs "in a marketplace of more than 12,000 safe, affordable generic medicines."

"In actuality, generic drugs continue to be a resounding success in lowering health care costs and benefiting patients," wrote Neas, who also noted that generic drugs saved consumers $239 billion in 2013 over brand-name drugs, an increase of 14 percent from 2012.

Neas suggested a more competitive marketplace and a more timely review of drug applications by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration could help lower prices.

Rob Frankil, a pharmacist and member of the National Community Pharmacists Association, testified that one patient accused him of price gouging after his heart failure medication went up from $15 to $120 for a 90-day supply.

"That's an increase of 800 [percent]," Frankil told the lawmakers.

A January survey of 1,000 NCPA members found that more than three-quarters of the pharmacists reported higher prices on more than 25 generic drugs, with the prices spiking by 600 percent to 2,000 percent in certain cases.

"I'm seeing it in real dollars and cents on my invoices," Frankil said.

A patient, Carol Ann Riha, of Des Moines, Iowa, testified that her prescription costs have increased from $849 to more than $1,700 due to price increases.

"How can anyone on a fixed income deal with these vagaries in the system?" Riha said in written testimony. "You sure can't budget for costs that change month-to-month. And it's not a few pennies, as you can see. These are significant percentages."

Manisha Solanki, a pharmacy owner who was not at the hearing, told ABC News that he's seen generic medications priced similarly to their name-brand counterparts.

"I've had people postpone getting a medication, so if they're supposed to get it this week and they don't have the funds to pay for it they'll say, 'Okay, let me wait a few days. Let me wait till this comes up. Let me see if I have more funds,'" Solanki said. "So we see them slowly pushing back when they should be taking it."

Panelists and lawmakers debated at the hearing whether regulation by the FDA could be contributing to the price hikes, but Dr. Aaron Kesselheim of the Harvard School of Medicine said that was unlikely to be the sole reason.

"These regulatory issues have been around for a very long time, and this is a new issue so I can't see how this is a regulatory issue," Kesselheim said. "I think we all want high quality, safe drugs and we want the FDA to monitor the safety of our drug supply. ...I see this as a market failure and a bunch of individual market failures, in some cases."

Copyright 2014 ABC News Radio


Wool Workout Wear Warms You Up, Cools You Down

Minus33(NEW YORK) -- You've relied on wool socks and sweaters to stay warm during cold weather months. And now, the natural fiber is making its way from your winter wear into your gym clothes.

It might sound strange, but manufacturers are going full steam ahead with the trend.

"When you think of wool, you think of old scratchy sweaters your grandmother used to give you and that just isn't the case anymore," said Craig Sexton, marketing and assistant sales manager at Minus33, an online shop selling wool workout wear. "Merino wool is ultra-soft, natural and provides ultimate performance in almost any setting."

Typically, athletic clothing is made from man-made materials such as spandex, Lycra and polyester. But according to Sexton, wool workout wear outperforms familiar fitness fabrics in many ways.

"While synthetics are passive, Merino wool is active, reacting to changes in body temperature to keep you warm when you're cold, but releasing heat and moisture when you're hot,” he said, noting that wool performs equally well during indoor and outdoor workouts. "The best part is that wool naturally reduces chafing, odor and dries incredibly fast."

Because of its benefits, high-profile companies are incorporating Merino wool into their fitness apparel.

"Lululemon and Nike are keeping up and other brands will continue to surprise us by pushing the boundaries," said celebrity fitness expert Lacey Stone. "I've seen the trend [Merino wool] worn in my classes and I actually love it."

Other labels, including Adidas and Icebreaker, currently have wool exercise leggings and running shirts in their lines.

Sexton said he is confident that the trend will continue to grow.

"Once consumers try the product, they don't go back," he said.

Copyright 2014 ABC News Radio


Why Heavy Drinking Doesn't Make You An Alcoholic

iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) -- Heavy drinking does not make you an alcoholic, according to a new study by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

While one out of three adults drink excessively, Dr. William Brewer with the CDC says 90% of adults aren't booze-dependent because they don't have the chronic medical condition of alcohol dependency.

However, he says, "that doesn't mean that the drinking that they're doing isn't still putting themselves and others at risk of harm."

Every year, 88,000 people in the United States die from excessive drinking.

So how many glasses of wine or bottles of beer are safe to drink? For women, that is no more than one drink a day, and for men, no more than two a day.

Copyright 2014 ABC News Radio


Evelyn Lozada Opens Up About Motherhood and Regaining Her Confidence Post-Baby

Imeh Akpanudosen/Getty Images(NEW YORK) -- After Evelyn Lozada gave birth to her son this past March, it took her awhile to feel like herself again.

However, the Basketball Wives star has since lost 55 lbs. and learned to love her new, curvier body.

"I kept reminding myself that I just had a baby and went through a beautiful experience and this is what matters the most. When I had [my 21-year-old daughter] Shaniece, I was a teenager and I bounced back within 24 hours, but as you get older, your body changes and I didn't bounce back as fast," she told ABC News. "I'm very satisfied with my appearance now! I'm a bit more curvier and I love it."

Lozada, 38, and Shaniece have teamed up with youthH2O, an age-defying solution, for a new campaign aimed to inspire women to look and feel their best. (Lozada has long represented the brand, while Shaniece is its new face.) The campaign, for which mothers and daughters are asked to post photos on youthH2O’s social channels with the hashtag #ForeverYoung, was a natural fit for the pair.

"Shaniece was and still is super positive," Lozada gushed. "She would actually take the role of big sister and do the night shift sometimes when I wanted to go work out. She was my lifesaver."

She's also been inspirational to Lozada during her weight loss journey. The reality TV star credits Shaniece for teaching her to eat healthier and "exercise without complaints."

"We only speak in a positive manner when it comes to our appearance and I'm her biggest cheerleader," she added. "I make certain to recognize her when she excels and I support her on all of her projects. As a mom, it's important to encourage your child, this helps them to build confidence and we hope to help so many women do the same."

Copyright 2014 ABC News Radio


Infectious Disease Expert Says Ebola Must Be Suppressed in West Africa

iStock/Thinkstock(WASHINGTON) -- Dr. Anthony Fauci, director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, addressed the National Press Club Friday on thet opic of Ebola and said there is no reason for widespread panic.

"Is there a large influx of Ebola people infected with people who are trying to get into the United States?" Dr. Fauci said. "The answer is no."

Regarding Thomas Eric Duncan, who died of the disease last month, Dr. Fauci said, "Yes, Duncan got in to the country but that was a very rare event because of what we know now when we do screening."

Dr. Fauci said the best way to protect the U.S. is by keeping an eye on West Africa.

"The best way to protect Americans or anyone else throughout the world is to completely suppress the epidemic in West Africa, so that there isn't any risk of it going any place else," he said.

Copyright 2014 ABC News Radio


Harvard Finds Cooks Serve Better Food When They Can See Diners

iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) -- Looking for the most flavorful and fastidious dining-out experience? Try to make eye contact with your chef before placing your order.

A Harvard research project recently found that cooks who were able to observe their guests dished out markedly better meals than when customers remained anonymous to them.

The findings were culled after Harvard Business School doctoral student Tami Kim and Chia-Jung Tsay, an assistant professor at University College London, set up four successive experiments in a working cafeteria over a two-week period.

"In the first, diners and cooks couldn’t view one another; in the second, the diners could see the cooks; in the third, the cooks could see the diners; and in the fourth, both the diners and the cooks were visible to one another," stated the research. Following each meal, diners could rate their experience.

Due to the noted limitations of the project, the researchers acknowledged that much more and deeper study is necessary.

Kim and Tsay found that customer satisfaction increased by 10 percent when the cook could see the guests in the dining area.

"But even more striking, when customers and cooks both could see one another, satisfaction went up 17.3 percent, and service was 13.2 percent faster," stated the research. "Transparency between customers and providers seems to really improve service."

Kim and Tsay attributed the improved experience to chefs feeling more motivated and inspired by seeing patrons. Still, not all restaurants should begin breaking down kitchen walls just yet.

Copyright 2014 ABC News Radio


The Skinny on Nestlé's New Exercise in a Bottle Project

Tim Boyle/Getty Images(NEW YORK) -- The Swiss food and beverage giant Nestlé is working on developing the lazy person's holy grail: an edible product that replaces exercise -- providing at least some of the benefits.

But it will be a while before the magical potion gets approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, let alone hits the shelves of your neighborhood grocery store.

"Ideally, we'll be able to develop products that will help promote and augment the effects of exercise," said Kei Sakamoto, who heads the diabetes and circadian rhythms department at the Nestlé Institute of Health Sciences in Switzerland.

Specifically, Nestlé is working on a product that would regulate AMPK, an enzyme that scientists have dubbed the "metabolic master switch." The target customer is someone with diabetes or someone who is obese, according to the company.

Researchers at Nestlé Institute of Health Sciences and several other institutions found that a compound acts on the AMPK enzyme in mice to stop their livers from producing fat, according to a study published in July in the journal Chemistry and Biology.

But don't think you're going to drink your way to a beach body.

The product won't outright replace exercise, Sakamoto said in a statement, explaining that even run-of-the-mill exercise has such a dynamic role that Nestlé will "never be able to mimic all those effects in a single product."

Dr. Silvana Obici, an endocrinologist at the University of Cincinnati in Ohio who was not involved in the study and has no affiliation with Nestlé, said it was too early to know if the findings in mice could be replicated in humans with any success.

"Although I am very happy that new specific compounds with selective AMPK are coming to the forefront, I can say I have guarded optimism," Obici told ABC News. "It needs to be demonstrated directly and not only in trials but also in animal models of obesity and also in clinical trials."

Obici said she had guarded optimism that a drink that affects AMPK could "rev up the metabolism," but said the drink would never fully replace eating healthy and working out.

"As a doctor, I want to point out that any drug that we have at our disposal for weight reduction and obesity [does] not work unless you are implementing lifestyle changes," she said.

Copyright 2014 ABC News Radio


Flexibility Is Fitness' Latest Workout Craze

iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) — With the ever-expanding roster of boutique fitness studios in cities nationwide, there had to come a time when there would be more classes than people willing to pay the $40-$50 drop in fee to fill them.

Yoga, barre classes, spinning and so much more -- with so many classes to try, workout warriors were having a hard time committing to just one. And so earlier this week came the debut of FitReserve, a site that allows, for one monthly membership fee, access to 2,000 specialty classes in addition to traditional gyms across New York City.

It works like this: Request an invitation to the members-only site and wait to be approved. Pay $149 for a 10 pack or $249 for a 20 pack of classes to be used in the next 30 days.

Go online and search for classes: Members can visit the same studio up to four times in one month and get access to a variety of other perks like massages.

FitReserve is the latest launch in an increasingly commitment-phobic workout world. ClassPass, which launched in June 2013 in one city -- New York -- and has expanded to nine cities and just took it's one millionth reservation. The company received $12 million in September and earlier this week launched ClassPass Flex which allows users to use their membership while traveling to other cities.

Megan Smyth co-founder and CEO of FitReserve, said her business model is a win-win. Members get a discount on classes -- more than 50 percent off the drop-in rate in many instances, she said -- and the ability to try lots of different types of workouts. Studios get to fill spots in classes that would otherwise be empty and showcase themselves to a potential client who might otherwise have not come in.

"It allows them to target potential customer in one place efficiently," she said. For members, they "when they want and where they want to at a more accessible price point."

Copyright 2014 ABC News Radio

ABC News Radio