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Wednesday
Dec222010

HPV Vaccine Approved for Prevention of Anal Cancer

Photo Courtesy - Getty Images(WASHINGTON) -- The FDA has approved the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine Gardasil, which is already approved to prevent cervical and vaginal cancer in women and genital warts in both sexes, for the prevention of anal cancer in males and females ages nine to 26, MedPage Today reports.

A randomized trial including both men and women found that Gardasil was 78 percent effective in preventing anal cancer related to HPV. 

The FDA noted that the vaccination for HPV is not an effective method of anal cancer prevention for those who already have the virus.

"Treatment for anal cancer is challenging; the use of Gardasil as a method of prevention is important as it may result in fewer diagnoses and the subsequent surgery, radiation or chemotherapy that individuals need to endure," Dr. Karen Midthun, director of the FDA's Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research, said in a statement.

MedPage also reports that 90 percent of anal cancer cases stem from HPV.  Uncommon to the general population, about 5,300 people are diagnosed in the U.S. with anal cancer each year, with more cases occurring in women than men.

Copyright 2010 ABC News Radio 

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