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Sunday
Apr082018

New software by MIT hopes to combat cyberbullying

iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) -- Research suggests that up to 48 percent of adolescents have experienced online bullying.

These victims endure feelings of embarrassment, worry, fear, depression and isolation -- which go along with more suicidal thoughts, self-inflicted injury and suicide attempts.

What’s worse -- internet providers, parents and the teens themselves haven’t been able to find an easy solution.

Enter scientists at MIT.

Though cyberbullying causes anxiety and depression, online peer support can make a difference, promoting mature coping skills, including humor and connectivity.

It’s that spirit of peer support that scientists at MIT’s Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (CSAIL) are hoping to harness with a new software called “Squad box,” a free online tool meant to combat online harassment.

This program allows assigned friends, known as “moderators,” to filter negative messages and emails, intercepting the negative and sparing the intended recipient from enduring the abuse.

They call this technique “friend-sourcing." Right now, blocking users, deleting comments and reporting harassment directly to site administrators seem to be the only tools.

Some social media sites may also screen for “trigger words” on public posts.

These techniques have their shortcomings, however, and are limited to the accuracy of the sites’ algorithms and speed of their response times.

One of the developers, Amy Zhang, a doctoral student in computer science at MIT, is studying how to “improve online discussion.”

Zhang said many people already use their squad to help screen their emails, and her software makes this process easier. She argues that much of the harassment she has studied is contextual, which means it is different for every individual person.

The “one size fits all” solution many websites utilize -- content moderators who don’t know the target, for example -- may not always be helpful. On “Squad box,” you can “tailor your response for what you want.”

Children and teenagers have a heightened reliance on technology, particularly on social media, and feel pressure to construct and maintain a positive online persona -- a version of themselves without insecurities.

“Squad box” allows users to manage cyberbullying in real time through their own, established support network. It intends to empower victims and solidify social connectivity.

Critics worry, though, that this new software will be just “spreading the burden” of online bullying among more teens. Proponents counter that this personal touch may unite victims and limit the negative reach of cyberbullying.

Laura Shopp, MD, a third-year pediatrics resident affiliated with Indiana University, works in the ABC News Medical Unit.

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