Entries in age (6)


Senior Citizens Can Age Easier with Endurance Exercise

Comstock/Getty Images(NEW YORK) -- Endurance training like long distance track competitions can possibly protect against the effects of aging in senior citizens, a new study suggests in MedPage.

Among the subjects that were between the ages of 66 to 77, the endurance athletes tended to have longer telomeres, which are ends of chromosomes that protect from deterioration, according to Javaid Nauman Ph.D. of the Norwegian University of Science and Technology in Trondheim.

The researchers used a small sample group of 20 individuals and believe their findings are preliminary.

Copyright 2012 ABC News Radio


You're Only as Old as a Poll Makes You Feel

Brand X Pictures/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) -- Sixty-one is the new 51 or maybe even 41 if you happen to be at least 45-years-old, if not older.

In this age-conscious society with everyone try to pass themselves off as younger than they really are, a survey by The Marist College Institute finds that one’s answer to the question “Is age 61 old?” depends on how close you are to that milestone.

For instance, when the question was asked of people 45 years or older, more than two-thirds said 61 was middle-aged, 20 percent said those that are 61 are still young and just 13 percent believed that a person of 61 years is old.

On the flip side, respondents to the survey who were under the age of 45 had different ideas about what it means to be 61 with 56 percent thinking it was middle-aged, seven percent claiming it was young and 37 percent considering a 61-year-old an old-timer.

On average, 63 percent in the poll of 1,080 adults said 61 was middle-aged, 15 percent called it young and 22 percent put 61-year-olds in the senior citizen category.

Copyright 2012 ABC News Radio


10-Year-Old Girl Gives Birth to Daughter

iStockphoto/Thinkstock(MANAURE, Columbia) -- A 10-year-old Colombian girl gave birth to a healthy baby girl, making her one of the youngest mothers ever.

The unnamed girl from Manaure, a town in the Colombian Department of La Guajira, arrived at the hospital in tears and “enormous pain” from the contractions, according to Univision’s Primer Impacto. She reportedly delivered her daughter, who weighed 5 pounds, by cesarean section.

Experts say a C-section delivery for such a young mother is not unusual.

“The baby’s head needs to come through a bony outlet. But in a young girl, the pelvis may not be ready or big enough to deliver a baby,” said Dr. Kimberly Gecsi, an OB/GYN at UH Case Medical Center in Cleveland.

Extremely young mothers also have a higher risk of pregnancy-induced high blood pressure known as preeclampsia, and their babies are at risk for fetal growth restriction, according to Dr. Frederick Gonzalez, a clinical professor of obstetrics and gynecology at NYU Langone Medical Center.

“These girls are not ready to be pregnant. Their bodies are not mature,” said Gonzalez. “They may be able to get pregnant, but being able to have a baby is a whole other situation.”

The new mom is a member of the Wayuu people, an indigenous tribe in northern Colombia. The age of the father is unknown, but police can’t press charges because the tribe has its own jurisdiction, according to local reports.

“We’ve already seen several cases [of pregnancy] in girls of the Wayuu ethnicity,” Efraín Pacheco Casadiego, director of the hospital where the girl gave birth, told RCN La Radio noticias. “When in fact [the girls] should be playing with dolls, they are having to care for a baby. This is shocking.”

Pregnancy can occur as soon as a girl starts ovulating, which is happening at ever younger ages.

“The average age girls in the country start menstruating is about 12 and a half, but that age keeps dropping,” said Gecsi, adding that the age is even lower among Hispanic girls. "But only about 13 percent of Hispanic girls menstruate younger than 11. And for them to have a sexual experience would be very unusual.”

Because ovulation precedes menstruation, girls can get pregnant before ever having a period.

“Typically, menstruation is the last thing that happens in puberty,” said Gesci, adding that girls typically go through a growth spurt and develop breasts and pubic hair before menstruating. “If you notice those things, you could be about to menstruate and you could get pregnant.”

Copyright 2012 ABC News Radio


Older Women at Highest Risk for Breast Cancer Death

Photodisc/Thinkstock(LEIDEN, Netherlands) -- Older women with breast cancer may be at greater risk than younger women of dying from the disease, regardless of the type of tumor they have or treatment they undergo, according to a study released Tuesday.

The study, published in the Journal of the American Medical Association, suggests that women's age may play a larger role in risk of death from breast cancer than previously believed.

Researchers in the Netherlands analyzed the data from more than 9,000 women with hormone receptor-positive breast cancer who'd been enrolled in a five-year randomized clinical trial, during which 1,043 women died.

The researchers found the risk of dying from breast cancer in women age 75 or older was about eight percent compared with around six percent for women younger than 65 and in women between the ages of 65 to 74.

Nearly 300,000 women were diagnosed with breast cancer in 2011, according to the National Cancer Institute. Older post-menopausal women are at highest risk for breast cancer recurrence.

"Because breast cancer incidence increases with increasing age, changing demographics and continuously increasing life expectancy will further enlarge the number of older women confronted with breast cancer," the researchers wrote.

Larger tumors were found in older women than in younger women at the time of diagnosis, which may have contributed to their increased risk of death, the researchers noted.

"Typically, women who are older get less aggressive cancers, but this shows you can't discount aggressive diseases in older women," said Dr. Deborah Axelrod, director of clinical breast services and breast surgery at NYU Langone Medical Center.

There are many factors that may contribute to an older woman's increased risk of breast cancer death, Axelrod said.

Previous studies suggested that older post-menopausal women were less likely to receive standard chemotherapy and radiation compared with younger women.

But older women were also more likely to be overtreated with medications -- known among physicians as polypharmacy -- which puts them at higher risk to respond poorly to treatment. But researchers said this was not a contributing factor in their findings.

The women in all age groups of the study were generally healthier, because they'd received adequate hormone therapy, according to the study methods.

"So if you're finding an increased risk in this population, what are we saying about the general population of women?" said Axelrod.

The findings lend themselves to future studies on older women with breast cancer and what exactly causes higher risk of death with age, she said.

Copyright 2012 ABC News Radio


Age Space Between Siblings Contributes to Academic Success

Comstock Images/Thinkstock(SOUTH BEND, Ind.) - Want to get your kids to the top of the class? One economist says the secret may lie in the age gaps between siblings. Having at least two years between brothers and sisters makes for better math and reading scores.

Kasey Buckles, an economist at University of Notre Dame, and Notre Dame graduate student Elizabeth Munnich surveyed more than 12,000 people between the ages of 14 and 22 from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth. The research, published in the Journal of Human Resources, found that when age gaps between siblings were greater, the older child performed better on math and reading achievement tests. Low-income families benefited most from age spacing. First-born siblings also showed the most benefit when there were greater age gaps.

“On average, a one-year increase in spacing improves reading test scores by 0.17 standard deviations, and there seems to be an even greater benefit to avoiding spacing of less than two years,” said Buckles, who has two children, two years and two months apart. “We find no evidence that the spacing affects the test scores of the younger sibling.”

Study authors said parents read to the older sibling and watched less TV when the age spacing was greater.

Parents who consider having more children often wonder whether it’s better to have them closer together in age or further apart, said Buckles. Some believe kids should be close in age so they can play together, but others suggest more space so that the older child can become more independent.

The study confirms that the more productive time parents spend with their children, the more advanced the kids’ academic achievement will be, said Rahil Briggs, assistant professor of pediatrics at Montefiore Medical Center in New York. It is easier to spend productive time with one child, one-on-one, than with multiple children, which could explain the findings.

Children’s language normally flourishes in the second year of life. They go from one or two words at age 1 to at least 50 words by age two, and then hundreds of words by age 3 with properly constructed sentences, said Briggs.

“The single biggest predictor of child vocabulary size at age 3 is number of words spoken to the child before that time,” said Briggs. “If parents are spending most of their time with an infant, it’s likely that their spoken language to the first child, right in the middle of their language explosion, is decreased.”

But before all of you siblings close in age get into a panic about sibling ages, Briggs said randomized clinical trials with families perfectly matched in everything from health to finances are needed to substantiate the results.

“It is the age old 'correlation does not equal causation,’” said Briggs.

No matter the age spacing, Briggs said if parents want to make sure their kids are on path to academic achievement, “read to your child, read to your child, read to your child. Talk to you child, talk to your child, talk to your child from day one. Expose your child to the learning opportunities present in every day interactions.”

Copyright 2011 ABC News Radio


New Study Shows Age Affects Us All

Comstock/Getty Images(AMES, Iowa) -- If you thought the aging clock ticked differently for humans than it does for animals, think again! It has been believed for a long time that humans aged slower than most animals due to the long life spans and access to modern medicine. However, a multi-species study in the journal Science compares the human aging patterns with those of chimps, gorillas and other primates.

The study suggests that the pace of human aging may not be so unique after all. The researchers combined data from long-term studies on seven species of wild primates, such as monkeys from Costa Rica, baboons from Kenya and chimpanzees from Tanzania, and compared them with those of humans. The important finding: The aging rates were similar for both primates and humans. They also found males had higher age-specific mortality than females across most of the primate species. However, there was an interesting exception to males dying at a younger age. The males did not die earlier than the females in a species of monkey from Brazil where males do not compete with each other for access to mates. This suggests that in other primates maybe males die faster because of stress and strain of competition. The authors point out that looking at other primates would definitely help us understand the factors that govern the maximum life span.

Copyright 2011 ABC News Radio                                                                                                                                                     

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