Entries in ASD (2)


One Year Olds Can Now Be Screened for Autism, Study Finds

Ryan McVay/Thinkstock(SAN DIEGO) -- Currently, autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) can reliably be detected by the age of three, however, the Center for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that children be screened for subtle signs as early as 18 months of age. 

Most pediatricians would agree that early detection is crucial as early detection can lead to early intervention, and therefore possibly a better outcome. 

A new study, published in the Journal of Pediatrics, shows that a simple, five minute parent questionnaire can detect subtle signs in children as young as 12 months of age.

Pediatricians gave the parents of over 10,000 infants a 24-point checklist to fill out while sitting in the waiting room, which asked them to provide answers about their child's communication, gesture and verbal capabilities.  Some of the questions included:

1. Does you child let you know that he/she needs help or wants an object out of reach?
2. Does your child show objects to you without giving you the object?
3. Does you child string sounds together, such as "uh oh, mama, gaga, bye bye, bada?"
4. Does your child show interest in playing with a variety of objects?

Children who failed the screen were referred for advanced behavioral therapy.

The screen was able to provide an accurate diagnosis of a language, developmental or some other form of delay, 75 percent of the time.

Autism experts agree that the implementation of a check-list screening process at one year well-baby visits has huge, positive implications for the diagnosis and treatment of ASD.

Copyright 2011 ABC News Radio ´╗┐


Support Services for Autistic Youth Diminish into Adulthood

Photo Courtesy - Getty Images(ST. LOUIS) -- New research has revealed that almost 40 percent of young adults who have autism spectrum disorders (ASD) get no medical or mental health services as they transition into adulthood.

The study, published in Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, showed differences along racial and socioeconomic lines as well.  African-American and poor youth (in families with household income less than $25,000) were less likely to receive services than white or middle-class youth.

"Young people with an ASD and their families are pushed off a cliff when students leave high school, where special education provides many needed services," said study author and assistant professor of social work at Washington University in St. Louis, Paul Shattuck.  He added that loss of these supportive services usually means reduced opportunities for autistic adults to be "productively engaged" in their communities.

Copyright 2011 ABC News Radio´╗┐

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