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Entries in Baboons (2)

Friday
Apr132012

Baboons Can Recognize Words, Study Finds

Tom Brakefield/Thinkstock(PARIS) -- Researchers in France discovered that baboons can recognize hundreds of four-letter words on a computer screen, and they can tell a real word apart from a nonsense jumble of letters, according to a study published in the journal Science.

Every time they tapped the right icon identifying whether the letters on the screen were a real word or just a jumble, they got a treat. The baboons, however, are only spotting sequences of letters so they can get fed.  They don’t actually understand what the words mean.

“The baboons use information about letters and the relations between letters in order to perform our task… This is based on a very basic ability to identify everyday objects in the environment,” Dr. John Grainger at the Aix-Marseille University told BBC Nature.

In other words, any monkey can recognize that something is a word, but not every primate can be literate.  Still, the researchers say they are “excited” about the results of their study.  

Going into it, they didn’t know if the six Guinea baboons would be able to pull it off.  Dan the Baboon will never appreciate Dr. Seuss, but it’s still pretty impressive that he can recognize more than 300 words. And with further study we might learn something more from them about how humans first learned to read.

Copyright 2012 ABC News Radio

Friday
Jul152011

Top Baboon: Increased Stress Levels May Mean Beta Male Better Option, Study Finds

Jupiterimages/Thinkstock(PRINCETON, N.J.) -- Sex, power, respect, and the finest food that a head honcho can buy. From the outside looking in, it seems that the man in charge has it pretty darn comfy.

But a study of yellow baboons in the wild published Friday in the journal Science found that the alpha male, or "boss" of the group, had higher levels of stress than the males below him, the beta males.

"That was surprising, because in baboon society, being the boss is great. There are lots of good advantages -- access to food and to mates," said Laurence Gesquiere, a research associate in the department of ecology and evolutionary biology at Princeton University.

Gesquiere and colleagues studied the levels of sex hormones and stress hormones in the fecal matter of yellow baboons in Kenya during a nine-year period. While the beta males had levels of sex hormones similar to the alphas, their stress hormones were noticeably lower than the alphas, the study found.

Gesquiere and her team uncovered reasons for the alpha male's higher stress levels. Facing challenges from others and initiating some physical altercations to re-establish their position in the group, "they had a higher rate of fighting," she said, "and spent more time guarding the [fertile] female, following her around and pushing away males trying to be with her."

She said that on average, a baboon remained in the alpha position for eight months but constantly faced challenges from others. All this activity meant the alpha baboon did not focus much on eating and nutrition, which led to decreased energy. According to their study, being the beta was a plus.

Gesquiere said that although baboon society was very different from human society in terms of behavior, the two are in some sense comparable.

"Baboon society is not perfect," she said. "They live in those highly complex societies. They can relate to humans. They have very complex relationships and friendships."

But she cautioned against drawing strong parallels between the two.

"The study shows in a society like the baboon's, high status comes with high costs, and high benefits that can be associated with levels of stress," she said.

Copyright 2011 ABC News Radio







ABC News Radio