Entries in Brigham Young University (3)


Study: Authoritative Parenting by Dads Teaches Perseverance in Kids

Jupiterimages/Polka Dot(NEW YORK) -- A new study says that children learn persistence from their fathers, and the acquired skill can lead to a reduced risk of criminal behavior and better performance at school, Health Day reports.

For the study, researchers from Brigham Young University in Provo, Utah followed adolescents aged 11 to 14 from 325 two-parent families for several years. Researchers found that children of the fathers who exhibited authoritative parenting--about 52 percent--were much more likely to develop persistence, which resulted in lower levels of delinquency and better outcomes at school.

The researchers emphasized that authoritative parenting is not the same as authoritarian parenting, and involves three basic features: children feel warmth and love from their father, children are granted appropriate levels of autonomy and fathers stress accountability and the justification of rules.

Researchers also suggested that single parents can still teach their children about persistence, even though the study only included two-parent families, according to Health Day.

The findings were published June 15 in the Journal of Early Adolescence.

Copyright 2012 ABC News Radio


New Hands for Massachusetts Man

Bananastock/Thinkstock(BOSTON) -- A 65-year-old Massachusetts man became the latest patient to receive a new pair of hands last week through a transplant operation, Boston’s Brigham and Women’s Hospital said Friday.

The Boston Globe reports that Richard Mangino of Revere, Mass., underwent a 12-hour operation last week in which a transplant team gave him the forearms and hands of an anonymous donor. Mangino had his own lower arms amputated along with his lower legs when a blood infection threatened his life in 2002.

Mangino’s operation was the third successful double-hand transplant procedure in the country so far. Last year, Chris Pollock of Pennsylvania, who had lost both hands in a farming accident, appeared on ABC’s Good Morning America to discuss the double-hand transplant he received at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center. The first double-hand transplant recipient was Jeff Kepner of Georgia, whose May 2009 surgery was also performed at UPMC.

Brigham and Women’s Hospital made headlines recently for face transplant surgeries performed there. In June, the hospital announced that it had succeeded in transplanting a face on 57-year-old Charla Nash, who had lost much of her face and both her hands when a chimpanzee attacked her. The doctors also attempted a double-hand transplant, but pneumonia and kidney failure following the surgery hampered circulation, and the transplanted hands had to be removed.

Last April, the hospital announced that it had performed a face transplant n on Mitch Hunter, 30, of Indiana, whose face had been disfigured in a 2001 accident. Surgeons there also gave 25-year-old Dallas Wiens of Fort Worth, Texas, a new face. Wiens, a construction worker, had endured severe burns to his head years before when the boom lift he was operating drifted into a nearby power line.

The hospital has also performed a partial face transplant on a man who fell face first onto an electrified subway rail.

Copyright 2011 ABC News Radio


Mormon 'Gay Cure' Study Used Electric Shocks Against Homosexual Feelings

Pixland/Thinkstock(PROVO, Utah) -- John Cameron said he was a naive and devout Mormon who felt "out of sync" with the world when he volunteered to be part of a study of "electric aversion therapy" in 1976 at Utah's Brigham Young University.

Twice a week for six months, he jolted himself with painful shocks to the penis to rid himself of his attraction to men.

"I kept trying to fight it, praying and fasting and abstaining and being the best person I could," said Cameron, now a 59-year-old playwright and head of the acting program at the University of Iowa.

But his undercurrent of feelings put him in direct conflict with the Church of Jesus Christ of the Latter-day Saints (LDS) and its principles.

"As teens we were taught that homosexuality was second only to murder in the eyes of God," he said. "I was very, very religious and the Mormon church was the center of my life," said Cameron, who had done missionary work in Guatemala and El Salvador.

The 1976 study at Brigham Young, "Effect of Visual Stimuli in Electric Aversion Therapy," was written by Max Ford McBride, then a graduate student in the psychology department.

"I thought he was my savior," said Cameron, who enrolled with 13 other willing subjects, all Mormons who thought they might be gay, for a three-to-six-month course of therapy.

A mercury-filled tube was placed around the base of the penis and the students were shown alternating slides of men and women in various stages of undress. When participants responded to images of men with an erection, the closed electric circuit was broken and they received three-second electrical shocks at 10-second intervals. Each session lasted an hour. Participants set their own pain levels. Cameron said his shame was so deep that he selected the highest level.

And those weren't the only attempted cures that were used in that era. Others allege they were given chemical compounds, which were administered through an IV and caused subjects to vomit when they were stimulated.

Psychologists confirm those harsh experiments were used in a variety of medical settings by scientists of all faiths.

Church officials say they no longer support aversion therapy, but a generation who grew up in the 1970s say they have been scarred for life because of well-intentioned attempts to change their sexual orientation.

Today, the church still steadfastly opposes homosexuality, as witnessed by the millions of dollars in support it gave to pass California's Proposition 8, which would amend the state's constitution to outlaw gay marriage.

Carri P. Jenkins, assistant to the president of BYU, confirmed that McBride did study the effects of aversion therapy in the 1970s. She said the experiment was an "outgrowth of the behaviorist movement," which believed that any behavior could be modified.

Jenkins said other universities at the time used similar techniques, and none of this type has taken place at BYU since then.

Today, therapies are all "mainline therapeutic approaches," according to Jenkins, and all faculty are expected to be licensed and programs accredited.

The university, which is owned by the Mormon Church, said its policy on homosexuality is in line with Mormon doctrine -- today's students are not disciplined unless they engage in sexual activity, and that includes heterosexual sex before marriage.

Copyright 2011 ABC News Radio

ABC News Radio