Entries in C-Sections (3)


Smile and Say ‘Cheese!’ You’re Giving Birth

iStockphoto/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) -- From water births to home births to C-sections and epidurals, the options available to women today for how to deliver their babies are endless. Now there is another option to add to that list, birth photography.  This option, like none before, is opening the doors to a once closely guarded, behind-closed-doors event for the doctors and the parents only.

The demand for birth photography has exploded so much in recent years that the career path now has its own association, the International Association of Professional Birth Photographers, with roughly 400 members, according to the New York Times.

While popular, birth photography may not be for everyone. First, the very personal pictures also come with a hefty price tag.  Rates for a delivery session with a professional photographer can run as high as $3,500. There is also the consideration that the birthing process itself is messy and not something every new mom, or even dad, wants to invite an outsider to be a part of.

Copyright 2012 ABC News Radio


Childhood Obesity Linked to Cesarean Deliveries

iStockphoto/Thinkstock(BOSTON) -- Infants delivered via cesarean section have about twice the risk of becoming obese as infants delivered vaginally, according to a new study published in the journal Archives of Disease in Childhood.

Researchers recruited more than 1,250 pregnant women from the Boston area and followed their children until the age of 3.

They found that at age three, 15.7 percent of children delivered by C-section were already obese, while only 7.5 percent of children delivered vaginally were obese.

The mother's body mass index and the baby's weight at birth did not play a big role in predisposing children to obesity, the researchers explained.  Previous research, however, has linked maternal obesity to obesity in their children.

Dr. Susanna Huh, lead author and an assistant professor of medicine at Harvard Medical School, said the findings still need to be confirmed in later studies, but they suggest that women considering having a C-section that isn't medically necessary should know that their children may be at higher risk for obesity.

"Almost one in three children are delivered by C-section in the U.S., and if cesarean delivery is a risk factor for obesity, this would be an important reason to avoid them if they aren 't necessary," Huh said.

The mechanism behind the relationship between C-sections and obesity is unknown, but Huh and her co-authors speculated there could be a few possible explanations.

"One possibility is that different modes of delivery may affect the bacterial communities established in the body at birth.  This could affect obesity by affecting the absorption of nutrients from the diet, or the bacteria in the gut might interact with host cells in ways that promote obesity," she said.

"Another possible explanation is that hormones and protein signals released during labor may have an effect on the development of obesity," she added.

Copyright 2012 ABC News Radio


Premature C-Sections Raise Risk of Infant Breathing Problems

Goodshoot/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) -- Some preterm babies may experience more breathing problems if delivered by Cesarean section instead of vaginally, according to new research presented Thursday at the 32nd annual Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine Meeting.

C-sections have been thought to benefit premature babies and lessen their risk of complications.

But researchers at Johns Hopkins and Yale University who reviewed 2,560 births in New York City from 1995 to 2003 found that underweight premature infants had a 30-percent greater chance of developing breathing problems when delivered by C-section compared to those delivered vaginally.

Dr. Diane Ashton, deputy medical director of the March of Dimes, said the results “overturn conventional wisdom that C-sections have few or no risks for the baby.”

One in 8 babies is born prematurely in the United States, according to the March of Dimes.

The findings were limited to a small subgroup of babies who grow in the fetus weighing less than 90 percent of babies at the same gestational age -- a condition called intrauterine growth restriction.

The seemingly rare condition can develop if an expectant mother has severe hypertension or kidney disease, or if a baby is malnourished, according to Dr. Lucky Jain, neonatologist and medical director of the Emory Children’s Center at Emory University.

In the study, the babies were delivered before 34 weeks of pregnancy.

Pre-term babies may be at higher risk for stillbirth during vaginal delivery, so they are more often delivered by C-section.

While the findings may give physicians pause to consider an alternate delivery method, Jain said the findings are not likely to change practices for most.

“The study tells me that it may not be a bad idea to let the mother give birth vaginally,” said Jain, adding that, oftentimes, the decision is made based on an individual mother’s situation.

“To change practice, one would have to do a randomized trial, which would be hard to do given the small numbers,” said Jain.

Copyright 2012 ABC News Radio

ABC News Radio