Entries in Carbendazim (2)


All Imported Orange Juice to Be Tested for Fungicide, FDA Says

iStockphoto/Thinkstock(WASHINGTON) -- The Food and Drug Administration says it will be testing all orange juice entering the U.S., after low levels of the fungicide carbendazim were found in imported OJ.

“We have initiated testing of orange juice both at ports of entry and in the United States,” Michael Taylor, the FDA’s deputy commissioner for food told ABC News via email on Wednesday. “Very preliminary results show levels well below the level of any safety concern. … Our testing is just getting started.”

Carbendazim is used on fruit to kill fungi or fungal spores. It is not approved for use on oranges in the U.S., but it is used in Brazil.

The FDA was alerted to the presence of the fungicide by a company that found carbendazim in its own juice as well as the juice of competitors. The FDA has not identified the company or said where the juice originated.

According to the U.S. Department of Agriculture, 26.4 percent of orange juice consumed in the U.S. in 2010 was imported, and 56.4 percent of those imports came from Brazil.

However, the FDA spokeswoman said via email that the U.S., “does not receive fresh oranges from Brazil.”

Carbendazim has been found to cause birth defects in rodents. Studies also have shown that in human cells in laboratories, the chemical can cause chromosome problems. However, the chemical has not been shown to harm humans.

The FDA said on Wednesday that if the chemical is detected in any juice, it will not be allowed in the country. The U.S. agency said that the highest level of carbendazim found so far was still 1,000 times lower than the level of concern.

Although the FDA has started testing orange juice on store shelves, no products have been recalled.  In addition, the Environmental Protection Agency believes the fungicide levels in juice do not pose a public health threat and has not found any juice with levels higher than its level of concern.

No recalls are planned if the detected levels in juice found in stores are low.

Copyright 2012 ABC News Radio


FDA to Ramp Up Testing of Orange Juice After Fungicide Reports

iStockphoto/Thinkstock(WASHINGTON) -- Do you usually go for a tall glass of orange juice in the morning?  Well, it turns out the O.J. you're drinking for breakfast might contain fungicide.

In a letter to the juice industry on Monday, the Food and Drug Administration announced that it will boost testing for carbendazim after one orange juice maker said it found low levels of the fungicide in its product as well as a competitor's.

Carbendazim is typically used by farmers to control fungi or fungal spores.  As the FDA notes, growers in Brazil use it in juice that gets exported to the U.S.

"Industry reports indicate that carbendazim is present in orange juice products from the 2011 crop from Brazil, where the fungicide is used legally under Brazilian law to combat black spot, a type of mold that grows on orange trees," the agency says in the letter.

The problem is that the fungicide hasn't been approved in the U.S.

"In the United States, however, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has not approved carbendazim for use as a fungicide on oranges, nor has it established a tolerance or an exemption from the need for a tolerance for carbendazim in orange juice in the United States.  Thus, carbendazim in orange juice is an unlawful pesticide chemical residue under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act," the letter explains.


The FDA now plans to conduct its own testing for carbendazim in orange juice and will check shipments at the border for the fungicide.  Shipments that test positive for it will be rejected entry.

As for those left wondering whether it's safe to drink that carton of O.J. in the fridge, fear not.  After conducting a preliminary risk assessment, the EPA, "concluded that consumption of orange juice with carbendazim at the low levels that have been reported does not raise safety concerns."

Furthermore, the FDA says it, "does not intend to take action to remove from domestic commerce orange juice containing the reported low levels of carbendazim."

Copyright 2012 ABC News Radio

ABC News Radio