Entries in Crying (5)


Cellphones Replacing Pacifiers? More Moms Use Phones to Distract Kids

iStockphoto/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) -- The early pioneers of the cellphone probably never imagined that one day the device might be a decent substitute for baby bottles and pacifiers.

But according to a survey released by Asda, a supermarket chain in the U.K., 27 percent of mothers hand a phone over to a crying or whining kid rather than a toy.  Compare that to the 25 percent of moms who still use a bottle, 21 percent who hand over soft toys, and the 9 percent who give their kids pacifiers.

First reported by the Daily Mail, the survey found that 40 percent of these parents restricted playtime with the digital devices to 10 minutes.  One in 10 admitted to allowing their children play with their phones for up to two hours at a time. The Asda poll was based on responses from 1,650 mothers.

There are thousands of apps aimed at children, including learning games and interactive cartoon apps, but there has also been great debate about how much screen time is too much for children. 

The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends limiting a child’s use of TV, movies, video and computer games to no more than one or two hours a day.  A study in the Archives of Pediatric & Adolescent Medicine in April said that preschool-age children in the U.S. don’t get outdoors enough.

Copyright 2012 ABC News Radio


An End to Infant Crying at the Doctor's Office?

iStockphoto/Thinkstock(NORFOLK, Va.) -- A technique that doctors have commonly recommended to parents to deal with the pain of baby colic now shows promise in easing the crying associated with infant vaccinations at the doctor's office.

In a paper published Monday in the journal Pediatrics, researchers examined the techniques promoted in Dr. Harvey Karp's book Happiest Baby on the Block.  They looked at five tactics intended to elicit the calming reflex in infants -- tight swaddling in a blanket, holding the baby on his/her right side face down, shushing with a loud "ssh," gentle swinging of the baby, and giving the baby something on which to suck, such as a pacifier.  According to Karp, these actions -- which he terms "the 5 S's," cause instant relaxation for the infants as they are reminded of being in the womb.

Lead study author Dr. John Harrington of Children's Hospital of The King's Daughters says the idea for the study was conceptualized around the time that a study revealed Tylenol, often used for pain relief ahead of immunization, blunted the immune response to several different vaccines.  He had attended a lecture delivered by Karp, but was skeptical the idea would work in this setting.

He and a team of researchers in Virginia tested the 5 S's approach in more than 200 infants undergoing routine immunizations at two and four months.  Some received the 5 S's approach, while others received the comfort measures normally provided by their parents after vaccines.  Half of the infants also received a sugar solution prior to vaccination, while the other half received only water.

As the babies were receiving their shots, the researchers looked for certain telltale signs of pain, as indicated by a common pain scoring system known as the Modified Riley Pain Score.

The infants who received the 5 S's had less pain than infants who did not and scored just as well on the pain scale as infants who received sugar along with the 5 S's approaches.  One minute following immunization, 30 percent of the infants who received sugar but not the 5 S's techniques were still crying, while nearly none of the infants in the 5 S's group were crying.

"The parents noted a difference," Harrington says.  "A lot of the parents wanted to learn the technique when they found their child calm quicker than usual."

Karp says the techniques can be applied in situations other than just at the doctor's office -- indeed, anywhere your infant might be crying.  And Karp says that there are broader implications to a baby's crying than many parents realize.

"Crying infants is a much more serious public health problem," he says.  "It turns out that babies crying, and the fatigue and demoralization are leading triggers for an entire spectrum of very serious public health issues, like marital stress and postpartum depression."

Studies are underway that investigate the 5 S's in treating baby colic, preventing postpartum depression and as part of an intervention to reduce childhood obesity.

Copyright 2012 ABC News Radio


Study Says Foot 'Bawlers' Are Happier, Have Higher Self-Esteem

Hemera Technologies/Thinkstock(BLOOMINGTON, Ind.) -- There might not be crying in baseball but there is in college football and psychologists say that's a good thing.

According to a new study released Monday, researchers found that players who tear up after losing a game tend to have higher self-esteem than those who "man-up" and don't show their true emotions.

Researchers at Indiana University-Bloomington also say that college athletes who display physical affection toward other players seem to be happier in whatever they do.

Study researcher Jesse Steinfeldt remarked that players who "are emotionally expressive are more likely to have a mental edge on and off the field."

They mentioned how the media was wrong to have singled out former University of Florida quarterback Tim Tebow for crying after his team lost a big game in 2009, even labeling him Tim "Tearbow."

Copyright 2011 ABC News Radio


Study: Infants Who Cry a Lot Tend to Have Behavioral Problems in Childhood

John Foxx/Thinkstock(BASEL, Switzerland) -- Babies are supposed to cry.  After all, that's how they communicate.  Newborns cry to announce their arrival in the world.  They cry to let you know they are hungry, wet, tired or don't feel well.

But constant crying just might be a harbinger of problems later on.

Researchers in Switzerland reviewed 22 studies conducted over 20 years (1987-2006) on the link between problems with crying, sleeping and feeding during infancy and behavioral problems in childhood.

As expected, they found that young babies who cried a lot or had trouble sleeping or feeding were more likely to develop problems such as ADHD, anxiety, temper tantrums and depression in childhood.

Infants who had two or more of these issues ran an even higher risk of developing problems as children.

But just because a baby is a little fussy or colicky does not automatically mean he or she will develop behavioral issues.

Experts recommend that parents generally pay close attention to their infants and try a variety of ways to comfort them.

Copyright 2011 ABC News Radio 


Newly Approved Drug May Help Patients Control Laughing, Crying Outbursts

Photo Courtesy - Getty Images(NEW YORK) -- Last Friday, after more than four years of review, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved the first and only therapy designed to improve symptoms of Pseudobulbar Affect (PBA), a neurological disorder that causes involuntary laughter and sudden, uncontrollable crying in patients.

The new medication, Nuedexta from Avanir Pharmaceuticals in Aliso Viejo, Calif., combines the over-the-counter cough suppressant dextromethorphan with quinidine, a generic drug used to restore normal rhythms to erratically beating hearts.

In clinical trials, Nuedexta was safe, reduced the frequency and severity of PBA episodes, and showed a significant advantage over a placebo. But in 2006, the FDA expressed concerns that higher doses of the drug combination raise the risks of dangerous cardiac rhythms. By reducing the doses of quinidine from 30 milligrams to 10 milligrams, Avanir satisfied the FDA's concerns about cardiac risks. In a Phase III clinical trial of the drug with MS patients, half the study participants who got the drug reported no PBA episodes in their last two weeks of the study.

"This is wonderful news for all the patients who suffer from PBA," said Dr. Erik Pioro, a Cleveland Clinic neurologist who specializes in ALS and related disorders. "They will now have an effective, safe, and well-tolerated treatment for this distressing and extremely isolating condition."

In the absence of something better, doctors have treated PBA with off-label prescriptions for antidepressants or levodopa, which boosts levels of the neurotransmitter dopamine. But these have a range of side effects and haven't been subjected to large studies in PBA patients.

Avanir plans to make the drug available in the first quarter of 2011, said CEO Keith Katkin, and will start by providing 30-day samples to select doctors who treat PBA.  Avanir estimates the drug will run $3,000 to $5,000 a year for patients, or about $250 a month.  Patients with limited incomes will get the drug free through a patient assistance program, Katkin said.

Copyright 2010 ABC News Radio

ABC News Radio