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Entries in Infant Death (2)

Wednesday
Apr172013

US Infant Mortality Rate Down 12 Percent Since 2005

Comstock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) -- The infant mortality rate in the United States has dropped nearly 12 percent since 2005, according to a new study.

According to a press release from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the infant mortality rate dropped from 6.87 deaths per 1,000 live births in 2005 to 6.05 deaths per 1,000 live births in 2011. While statistics from 2011 were not significantly lower than 2010's rate of 6.15 deaths per 1,000 live births, infant mortality has been on the decline for four consecutive years.

According to the CDC report, the rate among non-Hispanic black women decreased by 16 percent. The rate among non-Hispanic white women dropped by 12 percent, while the rate among Hispanic women dropped by 9 percent.

Historically, the infant mortality rate has been highest among non-Hispanic black women, making the 16-percent drop among that group even more significant.

The CDC report also found that four of the five most common causes of infant death were less common in 2011 than they were in 2005. The frequency of congenital malformations, short gestation, Sudden Infant Death Syndrome and material complications were between 6 percent and 20 percent lower than in 2005.

Copyright 2013 ABC News Radio

Thursday
May122011

Mothers Support Midwife Who Pleaded Guilty to Negligence During Delivery

Jupiterimages/Thinkstock (ALEXANDRIA, Va.) -- Karen Carr has won the thanks and praise of many moms by delivering more than 1,200 babies during her 25-year career as a midwife.

But last week Carr, 44, pleaded guilty to two felony charges in an infant death that she attended during a home delivery in Virginia last September. The state of Virginia argued that Carr was negligent during the home birth after the baby's head became entrapped for more than 20 minutes during the delivery. The baby died two days later.

Despite the charges and Carr's guilty plea, her fans still stand by her -- even raising money for her on a Facebook page created by In Service to Women, a group that supports midwifery and now hopes to help pay for Carr's legal fees.

Carr faced several charges, including involuntary manslaughter, according to the Washington Post. By pleading guilty, Carr accepted that her negligence contributed to the baby's death that and she was not licensed to attend a delivery in Virginia, the state that brought the charges against her.

It was the state of Virginia, not the parents of the baby who died, that brought the charges against Carr. The parents filed a request for confidentiality throughout the trial.

John Zwerling, Carr's attorney, said the parents were well aware of the risks involved with a vaginal breech home birth, but the mother was "desperate not to have a c-section."

Carr is a licensed midwife in Maryland but not in Virginia, which technically made it illegal for her to deliver the baby there.

"The hospital brought it to our attention, and we filed charges, brought by the Commonwealth," said Krista Boucher, chief deputy commonwealth's attorney in Alexandria, Va. "We were delighted that she acknowledged that she was criminally negligent in open court."

During the pregnancy, the baby was in a breech position, and the parents hired Carr to attend the home delivery. In the breech position, babies enter the birth canal feet -- or buttocks -- first, not head-first.

The baby boy's head was stuck for nearly 20 minutes before it was pulled out. Carr performed CPR, but the baby was soon transferred to Inova Hospital in Alexandria and died two days later, according to court documents.

"Breech deliveries, in general, are done by Caesarean section for exactly the reason that happened in this case," said Dr. Jacques Moritz, director of gynecology at St. Luke's-Roosevelt Hospital in New York City. "The chance of head entrapment is small, but when it happens, it is devastating."

Moritz was quick to note that breech births can be difficult in hospitals, too, but "there are more things you can do in a hospital" to fix it.

"I'm as midwifery-friendly as they come, but a breech home delivery is just stupid," said Moritz, who was featured in the pro- midwifery documentary The Business of Being Born.

When head entrapment does occur, Dr. Manuel Porto, professor and chairman of obstetrics and gynecology at the University of California Irvine Medical Center, said there are a series of procedures available.

Patients interested in midwifery are informed of the benefits and risks before deciding on a home birth. Licensed midwives are trained in normal patterns of labor, Moray said, but if something becomes abnormal during the delivery, the midwife transfers care to physicians.

Had the mom in Carr's case been in a hospital, Moritz said, doctors probably would have performed a C-section to take out the baby, or, if the head was stuck while trying to deliver vaginally, special forceps could have been used to pull the baby. Midwives do not have such tools available to them.

When asked whether the outcome would have been different in a conventional hospital setting, Porto responded, "Yes, with little doubt."

Despite it all, Carr's backers still sing her praises. The Facebook page contains messages that express thanks and support from mothers who hired Carr as their midwife.

"Karen was such a blessing in my first pregnancy and birth that I went on to have 2 more homebirths," one woman wrote. "The peace and words and knowledge she shared with me -- I continue to share with other expectant mothers."

Copyright 2011 ABC News Radio 







ABC News Radio