Entries in IV (4)


Vitamin Infusion: The New Hollywood Fad and How It Works

Stockbyte/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) -- Taking vitamins orally might soon fall out of favor as more Americans opt to drip them straight into their veins.

More exhausted people are heading to private clinics and getting hooked up to a vitamin I.V. for their energy-boosting cocktail infusion.

The technique was fueled, in part, by a photo that pop star Rihanna tweeted last month with her arm hooked up to an intravenous drip. Turns out she was enjoying the so-called "party-girl drip."

Other A-list celebrities that have reportedly jumped on the liquid vitamin bandwagon include Simon Cowell, Cindy Crawford and Madonna.

It's not just stars who are following Rihanna's lead. Music executive Carmen Key gets her 45-minute session once a week at a clinic in Los Angeles. Everything from vitamins C and B to minerals like zinc and chromium are pumped straight into her arm: "Instead of feeling energized, you feel alive," Key said.

Eating a salad, taking a nap and traditional vitamins don't compare, Key said. "That would probably do four percent of what this does," she said.

The session is pricey and can run $175 to $275. Critics call it extreme and wonder whether it actually offers anything nutritious that food or traditional vitamins can't.

Doctors and patients at Patient's Medical, a holistic wellness center in New York City, swear by it.

"I.V. is pretty much instant gratification," Dr. Kamau Kokayi said.

Copyright 2012 ABC News Radio


Study: Continuous Infusion of Diuretics Unnecessary for Heart Failure Patients

Photo Courtesy - Getty Images(NEW YORK) -- One million heart failure patients are hospitalized every year.  For this reason, researchers have sought to find answers to ongoing questions about treatment for patients with acute heart failure.  Now they say there are no real differences between diuretic therapy given one dose at a time or continuously through an IV, according to HealthDay News.

"Today doctors all over the U.S. are having to make a decision on how to give diuretics," said Dr. Michael Felker, lead author of a study appearing in the March 3 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.  "This gives insight as to the trade-off between efficacy and safety in each decision."

Continuous diuretics have been the standard for treatment of acute heart failure for the last four to five decades, leaving patients to depend on therapy that hasn't seen the rigorous pre-market evaluation that pharmaceuticals must go through presently.

Now Dr. Felker says scientists are finally looking into newer and better treatments for acute heart failure.

In the study, 308 patients with acute heart failure were divided into two groups. One group was given the intravenous diuretic every 12 hours; the other received acontinuous infusion.  Both groups were given high and low doses.  After analyzing the data, Dr. Felker reported a "strong suggestion that the high doses are actually better." 

Dr. Felker noted that this outcome is contrary to what many people think -- that high doses are dangerous.  He also concluded that continuous infused therapy was not necessarily better, saying that "the results were completely neutral" showing "no difference."

Dr. Stuart Katz, director of the Heart Failure Program at New York University Langone Medical Center, commented that the study proves that IV dosing is a reasonable alternative to continuous diuretic infusion, particularly because it is less expensive.

Copyright 2011 ABC News Radio´╗┐


For Trauma Patients, Less May Be More

Photo Courtesy - Getty Images(NEW YORK) -- One of the standard steps in most trauma care situations has long been to give the patient fluids by IV.  But new research published in The Annals of Surgery calls that into question.

The research involved analyzing complete records of more than 11,000 patients in a national database, dating from 2001 - 2005.  With nearly every type of traumatic injury or condition, researchers said the risk of death increases when intravenous fluids are administered.  Those with severe head injuries were 34 percent more likely to die if they had been given fluids, for example.

Among the theories behind such numbers is the possibility that taking time to set up the IV delays transport to the hospital and that giving fluids may cause the release of a blood clot or may increase blood loss.

Copyright 2011 ABC News Radio


Hospitals Slow to Adopt Blood Stream Infection Prevention Program

Photo Courtesy - Getty Images(BALTIMORE) -- It's a common procedure in any intensive care unit -- doctors insert into patients what is called a central line, which can be used to administer vital medications while monitoring various critical elements within the heart and blood.

But a Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimate shows that 250,000 patients with central lines contract blood stream infections every year, and more than 10 percent die as a result.  The study, conducted in 2002, is the CDC's most current figure.

A doctor at Johns Hopkins University says these deaths can be eliminated -- at virtually no extra cost and with little additional training.  Moreover, a program exists that promises to do just that, but almost two years after its inception, only a fraction of hospitals choose to participate.

"In what other industry, would there be a known safety standard — and nobody's debating the evidence — that a failure to comply with kills people," Dr. Peter Pronovost, medical director for the Center for Innovation in Quality Patient Care at Johns Hopkins, told ABCNews.

Pronovost, a practicing anesthesiologist and critical care physician, believes these infections can be eliminated with a program he developed.  But, he said, progress is too slow.

Early last year, Pronovost set out to eliminate those infections.  He created a program called On the CUSP: Stop BSI (Comprehensive Unit-Based Safety Program to reduce Central-Line Blood Stream Infections in the ICU) in concert with Johns Hopkins, the Health Research and Educational Trust (an affiliate of the American Hospital Association), and the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services' Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. ´╗┐

Copyright 2010 ABC News Radio

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