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Entries in Males (2)

Tuesday
Jun122012

Who Makes More Money? Male v. Female Doctors

iStockphoto/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) -- If you were asked to imagine a prominent, wealthy doctor, who would come to mind? Chances are no matter whom you envision, they would have one thing in common: a Y chromosome, the defining genetic material of a man.

A new study found male physicians make $12,000 more per year than female doctors when adjusting for differences in specialties, work hours and academic rank. If you do the math, this amounts to more than $350,000 in the course of a career.

"With increased participation of women in medicine, I suspect that conscious discrimination is probably less likely to be a robust explanation for much of the differences in salary," said Dr. Reshma Jagsi, a radiation oncologist at the University of Michigan Health System and lead author of study published today in the Journal of the American Medical Association. "Instead, I think that an important reason for the difference may be unconscious gender bias."

These discrepancies in pay are no small deal. Medical school graduates can accumulate up to a quarter of a million dollars of debt from their training, and many doctors are stuck paying back their loans in the course of their careers. And with women now representing the majority of students entering medical school, the conversation around salary disparities is more relevant than ever.

"Over the last decade, even the last quarter century, there has been a huge increase in the number of women physicians," said Dr. Gayatri Devi, president of the American Medical Women's Association. "When I refer a patient to another doctor, I say, 'He or she,' because I can no longer make the assumption the doctor is going to be male."

In the past, differences in salaries between male and female physicians were attributed to life factors such as parental status and the subsequent need for flexible work schedules. But this study did not see those factors as explanatory; in fact, even women without children had lower pay than men.  

Copyright 2012 ABC News Radio

Thursday
Aug252011

Male Bisexuals Are for Real, Says Study

Ryan McVay/Photodisc(CHICAGO) -- The journal of Biological Psychology published a Northwestern University study this week that contradicted 2005 research questioning whether male bisexuality even existed. It was the second of two such papers that finds that it does.

"Bisexuality is an orientation among men, just like heterosexuality and homosexuality," said Allen Rosenthal, a doctoral student in the university's psychology department and lead author of the study.

The study included 100 men who were bisexuals, heterosexuals and homosexuals.

Researchers placed a penile plethysmograph -- a rubber band-shaped band -- on the base of men's penises while they watched videos of male to male and female to female sex.

"We measured actual physical arousal," said Rosenthal. "You can't create arousal when it isn't there for them. You can't fake it."

The American Institute of Bisexuality, a nonprofit organization that supports research and education, worked with Northwestern to fund part of the study.

"Basically, we want to respect how people define their own sexual orientation," said Denise Penn, a clinical social worker who is on the institute's board of directors.

"What you hear is this: Bisexuality is a phase for some people that they may adopt temporarily," she said. "Basically this study makes the criteria for defining yourself as a bisexual as more of a permanent thing."

Penn hailed progress in gay rights as evidenced by sympathetic characters on television sitcoms and more acceptance in the workplace.

"But if you are bisexual, it's not so simple," she said. "People define you by the person you are seen with."

Bisexuals have been perceived as "promiscuous, opportunistic, confused" even by the gay community, according to Penn. "People in persecuted minorities tend to band together with common histories and common pain. When bisexuals come into the fold, they are seen as traitors, people conferring with the enemies."

An estimated 1.8 percent of all Americans are bisexual, according to the Williams Institute of the University of California Los Angeles Law School, which focuses on lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender issues.

An estimated 8.2 percent of Americans report that they have engaged in same-sex sexual behavior, and nearly 11 percent acknowledge at least some same-sex sexual attraction, according to its 2011 report.  

Copyright 2011 ABC News Radio







ABC News Radio