Entries in Pediatric Academic Societies (3)


Study: Pacifiers May Encourage Breastfeeding in Newborns

George Doyle/Thinkstock(BOSTON) -- For years, pediatrician and physician organizations have advised against regular use of pacifiers for newborns.

Using a pacifier may keep babies from exclusively breastfeeding, they advised.

But a new study found that newborns in one hospital that were restricted from having pacifiers were less likely to exclusively breastfeed and instead turn to formula. The findings were presented Monday at the Pediatric Academic Societies meeting in Boston.

Researchers from Oregon Health & Science University looked at feeding data of over 2,000 infants born at the university's hospital between June 2010 and August 2011. After a new hospital policy restricting pacifiers was implemented in December 2010, exclusive breastfeeding dropped from 79 percent to 68 percent, the researchers found.

Previous studies suggest that increased pacifier use may cause infants to wean off breastfeeding earlier. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends avoiding pacifiers until at least 1 month old so the infant is comfortable breastfeeding. Even the World Health Organization advises against pacifiers, saying that they can interfere with breastfeeding.

To encourage exclusive breastfeeding, the World Health Organization and United Nations Children's Fund recommend that hospitals stop providing formula and pacifiers. Hospitals that follow recommendations by the program are known as Baby-Friendly Hospitals.

"There is a great deal of energy nationally as well as internationally in support of increasing the number of Baby-Friendly Hospitals," Dr. Laura Kair, the study investigator and a pediatric resident at OHSU Doernbecher Children's Hospital, said in a statement. "However, the effect of pacifier use on initiation and duration of exclusive breastfeeding has not been well-established in the medical literature."

But the study, which was not peer-reviewed or published, left many questions unanswered. It is not clear whether there were other reasons besides decreased pacifier use that may have contributed to the decreased breastfeeding rates. Additional and larger studies are needed to find confirm whether these findings apply to more newborns in other baby-friendly hospitals, Kair said.

"Our goal with publicizing this data is to stimulate conversation and scientific inquiry about whether there is sufficient evidence to support the universal recommendation of not offering pacifiers to breastfeeding infants in the first few days to weeks of life," said Kair.

Copyright 2012 ABC News Radio


Researchers Say Involved Parents Less Likely to Have Bullies for Kids

Jupiterimages/liquidlibrary(DALLAS) -- Children whose parents are more involved in their lives are less likely to become bullies, according to a study conducted by the Children’s Medical Center in Dallas.

Researchers analyzed two national surveys from 2003 and 2007 and found there was a particular pattern of parental interaction that associated with kids who bullied. The findings of the study, which were presented at a Pediatric Academic Societies meeting, show that 10-to-17-year-olds who bully had higher rates of parents who feel angry with them, have greater rates of emotional/developmental/behavioral problems, and reported doing things that “bothered” parents a lot.

Researchers also found that parents of children who weren’t bullies talked with their children and had met most, if not all, of their children’s friends.

Copyright 2011 ABC News Radio


Study: Children's Car Safety Seats Not So Safe

Creatas Images(NEW YORK) -- A study has found that securing children in car seats may not be enough to ensure safety while on the road.

According to a study conducted by the Yale School of Medicine and presented at a Pediatric Academic Societies meeting, buckling children into car safety seats may not be enough to minimize risk of injury. The study involved almost 400 parents being surveyed, with half of those surveyed saying that at least one of their children had managed to unbuckle their car seat restraints. Of those children who were successful in unbuckling seat restraints, 75 percent were said to be age three or younger.

The study found that parents were forced to pull over and re-buckle the safety seats before continuing on their journey, and researchers say that the unbuckling by children is another potential safety hazard that needs to be addressed.

Copyright 2011 ABC News Radio

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