Entries in Turkey (8)


Turkish Doctors Almost Succeed in First-Ever Four-Limb Transplant

Keith Brofsky/Thinkstock(ANKARA, Turkey) -- Sevket Cavdar, 27, was almost the first person in the world to undergo a successful transplant of two arms and two legs at Hacettepe University Hospital in Ankara, Turkey, on Friday.

But hopes were dashed on Monday when doctors had to amputate all four of the transplanted limbs because of  “metabolic complications,” according to a statement from the hospital.

The hospital said Cavdar was currently in the hospital’s intensive care unit but offered no further details about his condition, according to a report from Agence France-Presse.

Cavdar lost all four of his limbs in 1998 after he was accidentally electrocuted.

The hospital announced on Saturday that the 20-hour operation by a team of 52 doctors had succeeded, and Dr. Murat Tuncer, the lead surgeon, called for blood donations to avoid possible complications after the surgery.  Then, doctors had to remove one leg when Cavdar’s heart and vascular system failed to sustain it.  The amputation of the other limbs followed shortly thereafter.

Dr. L. Scott Levin, president of the American Society of Reconstructive Transplantation, told ABC News that it’s likely that Cavdar went into shock after the attached limbs were deprived of adequate blood supply and began releasing metabolites in his body that damaged his circulation.

“In these cases, it’s life before limb.  You have to amputate the limbs to save the patient’s life,” said Levin, who was not involved in the Turkish operation.

Levin explained that limb transplantation was an exceedingly complicated process that required precise coordination, careful rehearsals and contingency plans for things that could go wrong.  When he and a team at the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania performed a transplant of two hands in 2011, it took almost 20 doctors and two years of planning to ensure the success of the operation.

Limb transplantations are not only difficult for doctors to plan but extremely taxing for patients.  Levin said the attempt to give Cavdar four new limbs was particularly bold.

“In these transplants, there may be a threshold that we cross in terms of how much of a burden we put on a patient when we try to do more than one limb at a time,” Levin said.  “Perhaps the limit is two extremities and perhaps not more.”´╗┐

Copyright 2012 ABC News Radio


Give Your Holiday Turkey Plastic Surgery

Stockbyte/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) -- Throw out your kitchen twine and forget your trussing techniques. Surgical staples are the newest way to keep stuffing inside a holiday turkey, according to research published in the Veterinary Record. The staples hold the stuffing inside of the bird while keeping the skin intact.

Researchers from the study deboned and stuffed 15 turkeys averaging 3.56 kilograms (7.83 pounds) each. They randomly applied five different types of surgical suturing techniques to the birds. Then, the turkeys were baked at 180 degrees Celsius (356 F)  for two hours until the center of the turkey reached 76 degrees Celsius (168.8 F).

The Utrecht pattern, a suture technique commonly used for cow wombs after Caesarean sections, was found to be the best way to stitch up the turkey before baking.

Once baked, and the sutures removed, the birds that were stapled held up the best. The other methods that were used damaged the turkey skin when they were removed. The results were graded, and stapling scored the lowest on skin breakage and highest on cosmetic appearance.

While stapling is considered safe, the authors point out that the staples are indigestible, so take care not to leave one in.

Copyright 2011 ABC News Radio


Thanksgiving Food Truths and Myths We Just Can't Shake

Stockbyte/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) -- Will your Thanksgiving turkey put you to sleep?  Can the stuffing give you salmonella poisoning?

Here's the straight story on health myths and facts surrounding your Thanksgiving feast:

Turkey Dinner Makes You Sleepy

Turkey does contain a protein called tryptophan which can act like a natural sedative.  But a large amount -- meaning more than just a few slices of turkey -- would have to be consumed alone on an empty stomach to make you feel sleepy.

"A more likely scenario is the huge number of calories that people consume rather than the turkey meat," said Dr. Lou Aronne, director of the Comprehensive Weight Control Program at Weill Cornell Medical Center in New York.

A large number of calories consumed from the whole meal produce intestinal hormones which can make you sleepy, said Aronne.

Canned Foods Contain Cancer Causing BPA

A recent report released by the Breast Cancer fund suggests that canned foods may contain traces of bisphenol A (BPA), a chemical found in the lining of cans, which has been implicated as a potential carcinogen.  Still, many experts said that not all cans contain BPA, and the levels in the cans that do have it are too small to ruin your Thanksgiving meal.

"There are more anti-cancer properties in having vegetables than not eating because of the can," said Aronne.

Drinking More Can Cure that Holiday Hangover

"Most hangover cures are by and large not effective besides sleeping and hydrating with water," said Arrone.

Drinking more will only help you get drunk again, which is only a temporary cure for what's sure to be a stronger hangover, he said.  Worse, drinking alcohol to cure a hangover could lead to more dehydration, which can lead to serious health problems.

Holiday Desserts Can Cause Acne

Acne is due to hormone changes in the body and not by consuming sweet or fried food, experts said.

"The problem is that high-fat finger foods gets greasy and you put those fingers up to your face," said Keith Ayoob, Director of the Nutrition Clinic at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine in New York.  "If you don't wash carefully and often, this may clog pores."

Salmonella from Turkey Stuffing

Stuffing a turkey while raw or not fully cooked can contaminate the stuffing with bacteria like salmonella.  Heat can kill some of the bacteria, but because the stuffing is hidden inside the turkey, some of it may not reach the 160 degrees needed to kill off the bacteria.

"If it does reach that temperature then the bird could be overdone," said Ayoob.

While the salmonella risk can be staved off if the stuffing is warm when added to the turkey, you may end up having another problem on your hands.

"But all the turkey fat drips into the stuffing," said Ayoob.  "Do we really need another source of fat in a Thanksgiving meal side dish?"

Cook the stuffing and turkey separately, marry them later, and the problem will be solved, he said.

Copyright 2011 ABC News Radio


Salmonella Outbreak Forces Pine Nut Recall

S. Lowry/Univ Ulster (WASHINGTON) -- Wegmans Food Markets is recalling 5,000 pounds of Turkish pine nuts because of an outbreak of salmonella that has sickened 42 people in six states, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

The pine nuts were sold in the bulk foods sections of Wegmans stores in New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Virginia, and Maryland between July 1 and October 18, 2011. The nuts were imported by Sunrise Commodities of Englewood Cliffs, N.J.

No deaths have been linked to the outbreak.

The CDC reports that since late August, 26 people in New York, eight in Pennsylvania, four in Virginia, two in New Jersey, one in Maryland, and one in Arizona have been infected by a strain of the bacteria called human Salmonella Enteritidis.

However, the agency said that illnesses after September 28, 2011 may not have been reported yet due to the time it takes between when a person becomes ill to when the illness is reported. Public health officials are using DNA “fingerprints” to identify people who were sickened by these bacteria.

People infected with salmonella usually have diarrhea, fever, and stomach cramps in the 12 to 72 hours after they are infected and symptoms can last four to seven days, the CDC says.

Most people recover without treatment, but some with weakened immune systems, such as older people, children, and people with HIV/AIDS, can become severely ill or even die after being infected.

In August, an outbreak of salmonella killed one person and sickened dozens of others who consumed infected ground turkey. A smaller outbreak of salmonella that sickened 12 people who ate Jennie-O turkey burgers was reported in April.

Copyright 2011 ABC News Radio


How Did Baby Survive 47 Hours Under Turkey Quake Rubble?

ADEM ALTAN/AFP/Getty Images(ERCIS, Turkey) -- Two-week-old baby Azra Karaduman defied the odds by surviving in conditions that most would deem impossible.

On Tuesday, rescue workers in Turkey pulled her from the rubble of a building in the eastern city of Ercis, 47 hours after the 7.2 quake hit the country.  Television footage showed a worker pulling the naked baby from the wreckage before handing her off to a medic.

As of Wednesday morning, officials said the disaster had killed 461 people and injured over 1,300, but Azra, along with her 25-year-old mother and her grandmother, were saved.  Their condition remains uncertain, and it is also uncertain whether Azra's father, who was also believed to be in the rubble, survived.

Born only 14 days before the earthquake, how did Azra survive such a harrowing catastrophe?  Are babies tougher than we think?

"We all can tolerate a lack of food and water for 48 hours," said Dr. Ian Holzman, chief of the division of newborn medicine at Mount Sinai School of Medicine in New York. "The concern in a baby is that they can't maintain their blood sugar if they haven't been well-nourished previously, so I would assume this was a healthy, chubby baby."

Full-term babies hold additional fat stores in their bodies, said Dr. William Walsh, a professor of pediatrics and head of neonatology at Monroe Carell Jr. Children's Hospital at Vanderbilt University in Nashville, Tenn.

"Babies are born with a little extra fluid and energy stores that they can mobilize because the breast milk from their mothers does not usually start immediately," said Walsh. "So, the ability to fast for a day or two is built-in."

In general, survival from collapses often depends heavily on the number of pockets that exist in the wreckage after the disaster.  Children may have greater luck in fitting into smaller pockets throughout the rubble.  Babies also have softer bones, which may be more likely to bend than break in certain crushes, said Walsh.

Dr. David Markenson, chairman of the American Red Cross Advisory Council on First Aid and Safety, said the factor that likely saved Azra was the temperature outside.

"Extreme heat or cold -- that is what is more limiting in survival of a baby," said Markenson.  "Forty-seven hours is pushing the limits without water and food.  She probably could not have exceeded that time too much more, but the weather conditions were the most helpful to this child.  Children are more susceptible to extreme weather conditions than adults."

According to the weather site, Tuesday's temperature in Ercis reached a high of 55 degrees Fahrenheit.

Copyright 2011 ABC News Radio


36 Million Pounds of Turkey Linked to Salmonella Outbreak Recalled

Jupiterimages/Thinkstock(SPRINGDALE, Ark.) -- Meat processor Cargill announced Wednesday that it was recalling nearly 36 million pounds of ground turkey meat due to a salmonella outbreak.

The Cargill turkey has been linked to one death in California. Scores of cases have been reported in 26 states so far.

Cargill also announced that it was halting production of the ground turkey at its Springdale, Ark., plant.

Copyright 2011 ABC News Radio´╗┐


Salmonella Mystery: Feds Mum on Tainted Turkey Samples

Jupiterimages/Thinkstock(WASHINGTON) -- The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has yet to release the names of stores in which investigators detected a strain of antibiotic resistant salmonella that has already killed one American.

Over the course of four months earlier this year, routine safety sampling at retail stores came up with hits for the outbreak strain salmonella Heidelberg on four samples of ground turkey. Investigators traced three of the samples back to "a common production establishment."

But so far government regulators have not released the name of that establishment, nor have they issued a recall of the lots of turkey meat in which the strain was present.

The reason for the lack of a recall is that the strain is not technically considered an "adulterant" -- in other words, screeners finding it on meat in a grocery store is not enough to trigger a recall.

The CDC has found specific brands of turkey at stores with this strain of salmonella. And hospitals and doctors have found 77 people sickened by the same strain. But investigators have been unable to directly link an ill person to the brand of turkey that made them sick.

When asked why the USDA has not yet released the name of any establishments, Neil Gaffney, press officer for the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) said, "Despite an extensive investigation by FSIS and CDC, there is very little epidemiological information available at this time that directly links these illnesses to any specific product or establishment. Without this direct link and without specific enough data, it would not be appropriate to issue a recall notice.

"FSIS is committed to continuing this investigation in order to obtain the additional information necessary to find the source of this outbreak, and take appropriate action to protect public health," Gaffney said.

Public health investigators are currently using DNA "fingerprints" of this bacteria in order to identify cases of illness. Though a public health warning concerning the outbreak was issued on July 29 by the FSIS, and the CDC has matched this particular strain of bacteria to four contaminated ground turkey products, there is reportedly not enough information to issue an official recall at this time.

Salmonella poisoning usually results in diarrhea, fever and stomach cramps during the 12 to 72 hours after a contaminated item is consumed, and symptoms will last for four to seven days, according to the CDC. Most people recover without treatment, but in some -- especially those with weakened immune systems such as the elderly, small children and people with HIV/AIDS -- severe illness and even death can result.

Because the salmonella Heidelberg strain is antibiotic-resistant, those infected are more likely to require hospitalization, the CDC reports.

For concerned consumers, the CDC recommends washing hands, kitchen surfaces and utensils with soap and water immediately after they come into contact with raw meat or poultry. Cook poultry thoroughly; raw and cooked meat and poultry should be refrigerated within two hours of purchase, or one hour if outdoor temperatures exceed 90 degrees Fahrenheit.

If you suspect you may have been infected with salmonella, consult your health care provider immediately.

Copyright 2011 ABC News Radio


Salmonella Outbreak: One Dead, Dozens Sickened in 26 States

Comstock/Thinkstock(WASHINGTON) -- One person has died and at least 77 people have been sickened in 26 states from a salmonella outbreak that, the CDC says, "is likely caused by eating ground turkey."

The USDA has not named a suspected firm in the outbreak but is reminding consumers to thoroughly cook all ground turkey products and to be cautious when handling raw poultry.

Copyright 2011 ABC News Radio

ABC News Radio