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Tuesday
Jul212015

Are You Drinking Too Much Water?

iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) -- It's summer, which means it's hot and you need to be drinking more water than usual when you're outside. But as important as it is to stay hydrated, is it possible to drink too much water?

The short answer is yes. A newly-released statement by a 17-expert panel suggests the conventional wisdom about when and how much water to drink may be the recipe for overhydration, also known as hyponatremia, as reported by The Huffington Post.

Hyponatremia, which is most common in endurance athletes, is a condition that can happen when you drink so much, your blood becomes diluted. And it can kill.

"Symptoms can be very vague and not unlike symptoms one might experience after running a race or performing any athletic event [including] fatigue, even confusion or exhaustion," says Dr. James Winger, a sports medicine doctor at Loyola University Medical Center in Chicago.

Here are four beliefs you need to re-think to avoid overhydration:

1. Feeling thirsty doesn't mean you're dehydrated. Thirst is a sign your body's working to conserve water, not that you’ve run out of it. Winger says serious issues caused by dehydration are harder to come by than one may think, so there’s no need to stop at every water station along a marathon run.

2. Your performance will not suffer if you aren’t 100 percent hydrated. "There's growing evidence that mild to moderate dehydration has no effect on performance in many different sporting endeavors," Winger says. "We need to look at dehydration as a natural part of exercise, not necessarily something to prevent."

3. Your urine color doesn't need to be pale or clear. "If you're trying to dilute your urine, you're probably putting yourself into an overhydrated state," notes Winger, stating that urine color is not the best indicator of urine concentration.

4. Muscle cramps don't always mean you're dehydrated.
There's research that shows that muscle cramps have more to do with fatigue.

Bottom line: Winger and his colleagues say drinking when you're thirsty is generally a safe way to go. 

Copyright © 2015, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.

Monday
Jul202015

Bristol-Myers Squibb Stops Trial After Reaching Goal Ahead of Schedule

iStock/Thinkstock(PRINCETON, N.J.) -- Bristol-Myers Squibb has stopped one of its studies early because it reached its goal ahead of schedule.

A study of the drug Opdivo by Bristol-Myers Squibb was halted six months early after researchers concluded the drug was able to provide "superior overall survival" for patients receiving the drug compared to those who were not.

The trial worked with patients suffering from Renal cell carcinoma, the most common type of kidney cancer in adults, and according to Bristol-Myers Squibb, a cancer responsible for more than 100,000 deaths worldwide each year.

Bristol-Myers Squibb said in a statement the results will mark the first time an immuno-oncology drug has helped patients live longer.

“The results of CheckMate -025 mark the first time an Immuno-Oncology agent has demonstrated a survival advantage in advanced renal cell carcinoma, a patient group that currently has limited treatment options,” said Michael Giordano, senior vice president, Head of Development, Oncology, Bristol-Myers Squibb in a statement. “Through our Opdivo clinical development program, we aim to redefine treatment expectations for patients with advanced RCC by providing improved survival.”

Copyright © 2015, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.

Monday
Jul202015

GoPro Birth: Texas Couple 'Can't Believe' Video of In-Car Delivery Went Viral

ABC News(HOUSTON) — The Texas woman who gave birth in a car on her way to the hospital while her husband filmed it on a GoPro camera says she is shocked that more than 6 million people have watched the delivery on YouTube.

“I can’t believe so many people want to see something like that,” Lesia Pettijohn told local ABC station KTRK-TV.

Pettijohn and her husband, Jonathan Pettijohn, were racing down a Houston-area highway last Monday when Lesia went into labor.

The couple, already parents to 1- and 2-year-old daughters, had a GoPro camera ready to film the labor in the delivery room.

When the baby came early, the couple did not pull over, instead continuing to drive to the hospital, and kept the GoPro camera rolling the whole time.

“I really didn’t want to have him in the car,” Lesia said. “I was scared. I didn’t know if he’d be breathing okay.”

“For a while I’m, ‘What do I do,’” Lesia said she recalled thinking during the birth. “I’m trying to think, OK, what can I wrap him in? Finally I was like, wow, my shirt is pretty long, I’ll wrap him up in that.”

When baby Josiah was born safely, weighing in at 10 pounds, 3 ounces, Lesia can be seen in the video expressing shock, saying, “Oh my gosh, we just had a baby in the car. We did it.”

In addition to the millions of views on YouTube, thousands of people also commented, with some wondering why the couple did not pull over to the side of the road to deliver the baby.

Jonathan told KTRK he was just responding to his wife’s request.

“For one thing we don’t have a cell phone with service so we couldn’t have called anybody if I’d pulled over,” Jonathan said. “Number two, she said she wanted me to keep driving.”

Jonathan said his wife also wanted him to film the delivery, and the couple is now glad they have the moment caught on tape.

“For one thing, he’s going to be famous before he knows his own name,” Jonathan said of his son.


ABC US News | World News

Copyright © 2015, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.

Monday
Jul202015

Teen, 15, Starts Charity for Kids to Band Together and ‘Shred Kids' Cancer’

Courtesy the Stedman Family(NEW YORK) — Teagan Stedman is not your average 15-year-old. The young guitar player is also a rock star CEO of an organization with a compelling cause.

“When I was 8 years old, my friend was diagnosed with non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma,” Teagan said, adding that he wanted to do something to help. “But as an eight year old, there's really not much you can do.”

But the teen didn’t let that stop him. In 2009, he founded Shred Kids’ Cancer, a non-profit organization dedicated to helping kids support pediatric cancer research, raise awareness, and create a community. It’s a charity founded by a kid, made up of kids, and devoted to helping kids.

“I decided to start something where kids could support pediatric cancer research,” Tegan said, channeling his passion for music into the project. “We held Shredfest, a battle of the bands fundraiser.”

Shredfest, the organization’s signature event featuring youth musicians, attracted celebrity judges, even Guns 'N Roses guitar legend “Slash” signed on to be a guest performer and battled to raise money.

“I just saw the back of his head in the mall, and said, ‘Are you Slash?’ And we basically just got him to come to the event,” Teagan recalled.

Since then, Teagan’s organization has grown from its annual hit, Shredfest, to include a host of youth-centric activities to attract kids from every avenue.

“We've held bone marrow drives, an awareness campaign called Be Bold, Be Bald, where people basically wear a bald cap for a day to show solidarity for kids with cancer. We've been holding a 5K/10K Kids Fun Run,” Teagan said about their expansion.

All of their events have the same end goal: help kids like 11-year-old Kaitlin Lehman, of Newbury Park. Calif., who survived rhabdomyosarcoma, a rare form of musculoskeletal cancer.

Katilin is one the group’s beloved “Shredheads,” the nickname for someone the group rallies behind and supports during his or her cancer battle

During her treatment, Shred Kids’ Cancer helped fulfill her dream and arranged a surprise meeting between Kaitlin and the stars of her favorite movie, “The Fault in Our Stars.”

“We went to New York and we went to the premiere and we saw all of the celebrities,” she said about walking the red carpet with star Shailene Woodley and Ansel Elgort.

It’s magical moments like those that Teagan has worked so hard for, and his drive has paid off. The budding organization has raised over $300,000 since 2009.

In May, his research project for improved cancer drug delivery was spotlighted by TEDx Teen. The teen is moonlighting as an Ivy Leaguer, spending part of his summer studying at Brown University.

“I would like to become a scientist,” he said. “In the future I'd like to see cancer as easily treatable as a headache. That would be the ideal future for me.”

For more information on Shred Kids’ Cancer and to find out how to get involved, visit their website: http://www.shredkidscancer.org/ or Facebook page: https://www.facebook.com/shredkidscancer.


Teagan was featured on "Good Morning America" during Disney-ABC’s “Summer of Creativity” campaign, which encourages youth to harness the power of creativity and service to change the world. Disney-ABC will award $500 Summer of Creativity Grants to young leaders who are taking action and caring for the world we share. Youth, ages 5-18, are encouraged to apply before August 10. Hundreds of grants are being awarded. Learn more at ABC.com/BeInspired.


Copyright © 2015, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.

Monday
Jul202015

Your Body: The Benefits of Beauty Sleep

iStock/ThinkstockBy DR. JENNIFER ASHTON, ABC News Senior Medical Contributor

Are you tired of looking tired?

A good night’s rest can be so hard to come by, but it could be the difference between you looking like Beauty or looking like the Beast.

Today’s working women are known for not getting enough sleep, especially us moms.

Personally, I make sleep a priority. I try to get at least seven hours every night, even if it means cutting out some social life.

Sleep is really the time when your skin recovers from the stresses of the day, so get as much as you can. It helps to reduce those breakouts and prevent dark circles under the eyes.

And for an extra boost, try drinking lots of water. Washing your face or taking a warm bath before bed can also help.

Try to sleep on your back or on satin sheets. This will help you fight the wrinkles and wake up with a more flawless face.

Copyright © 2015, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.

Monday
Jul202015

Is Sand Making Beachgoers Sick?

iStock/Thinkstock(HONOLULU) — Bad enough we sometimes have to worry about polluted water when we go to the beach, but now the sand might make us sick, too.

Researchers from the University of Hawaii created microcosms of contaminated beaches by making models where both sand and water were tainted with sewage — essentially making a model of a polluted beach.  In the study published this month in Environmental Science & Technology Journal, the researchers found not only do the bacteria and harmful microbes from contaminated water leach into the sand — no surprise there — but it takes much longer for the contaminants to leach out of the sand than the water.

How much longer?  Researchers found contaminant levels in the sand that were from 10 to 100 times higher than in the nearby seawater.  Not only can the contaminants cause nasty problems for people — rashes, nausea and diarrhea are common — but the bad stuff can leach out of the sand and back into the seawater, making the sand a chronic source of contamination and leading to more closed beaches.

Researchers say this could help explain why more fecal bacteria are often found on sandy beaches affected by waste water pollution, than in the water itself.  Think about that the next time you build a sand castle.

Copyright © 2015, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.

Sunday
Jul192015

Early-Stage Study Finds Possible Link Between Biomarkers in Saliva and Alzheimer's Disease

PhotoQueen123/iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) -- New early-stage research presented at the Alzheimer's Association International Conference on Sunday linked a series of biomarkers in human saliva to a possible test -- in the future -- for Alzheimer's Disease.

Researchers at the University of Alberta in Canada discovered the biomarkers, saying that the potential test, which could take years to create, could potentially predict future development of mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer's in cognitively intact individuals. The study's authors evaluated saliva specimens from 108 individuals who were involved in a study on human aging.

The patients were then divided into three groups -- those who aged normally, those with mild cognitive impairment and those with Alzheimer's. Particular substances in the latter two groups could one day be used to point to worse memory performance, researchers speculate.

Copyright © 2015, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.

Saturday
Jul182015

Dr. Kent Brantly Writes Op-Ed on Ebola in West Africa: 'Let Us Choose Compassion Over Fear or Apathy'

Photo by Dennis Brack-Pool/Getty Images(WASHINGTON) -- Dr. Kent Brantly, the American doctor who contracted Ebola while working in Liberia last year, wrote an op-ed for the Washington Post on Saturday, highlighting the ongoing threat of Ebola in West Africa and what that means for the world.

"Despite a few imported cases of the disease (like my own) and a couple of cases diagnosed here (like those of the heroic nurses in Dallas) in 2014, Ebola seems to have already been relegated to the history books in the United States," Brantly writes. "But as we approach the one-year anniversary of Ebola 'coming to America' (we often forget that it has been present in research laboratories around the country for decades), it seems important to remind the world that the outbreak is not over in West Africa, where its effects continue to be far-reaching."

Noting the dozens of new cases each week in Guinea and Sierra Leone, and the return of Ebola to Liberia, which had previously been declared Ebola-free, Brantly calls for the United States and the global community to "decide what our response will be to this ongoing tragedy on the other side of the world."

"Will we allow fear to paralyze us, leaving the vulnerable to suffer along? Will we settle into a sense of indifference, caring not what will come of our neighbors in need? Or will compassion win out, moving us to action...for the good of humanity, for the dignity of mankind and for the well-being of others," Brantly asks.

"Let us choose compassion over fear or apathy," he concludes.

Copyright © 2015, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.

Saturday
Jul182015

Study Breaks Down 'Types' of Drinkers from 'Ernest Hemingway' to 'Mary Poppins'

igorr1/iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) -- Can a few too many cocktails turn you into “Mr. Hyde”? Or maybe "Ernest Hemingway"?

Researchers at the University of Missouri-Columbia are aiming to find out by examining the personality traits of college students after they’ve had a few drinks.

A new study, published in the Addiction, Research & Theory Journal, examined the habits of college students after a few drinks to see if it’s possible to classify different “types” of drinkers. The small study examined 374 college students who all reported their behavior both before and after a few drinks.

“Some people are known to get angry and violent, careless and irresponsible, or weepy and inconsolable when drinking, and that is often what earns them the label of being a ‘problem drinker,’” read the study. “However, until now, there has been no empirical investigation into the unique types of personality-like changes that people undergo when drinking.”

Researchers led by Rachel Winograd, a Ph.D student in clinical psychology at the University of Missouri-Columbia, collected self-reported data on the students about their behaviors after a few drinks. They determined the students could be broken down into four main types.

“A ‘drunk personality’ in general is an assumption that people change when they’re drunk,” explained Winograd, who cited how people talk about “good drunks or bad drunks.”

However rather than just saying “good or bad” the researchers wanted to put a use scientific framework when talking about types of “drunk” personalities, so they focused on each student’s agreeableness, conscientiousness, intellect and extraversion after drinking.

After using specific models on the data collected the researchers came up with four main types: the “Ernest Hemingway,” who shows minimal signs of intoxication even after a binge, a “Mary Poppins” for drinkers who are already agreeable and end up not decreasing on other factors, a “Mr. Hyde” for those who were less conscientious and agreeable and used less intellect, and the “Nutty Professor” for people who reported they were introverted while sober and very extroverted when drunk.

In the study, a large proportion, 153 students, reported to be Hemingways while the smallest group were the Mary Poppins with just 54.

Winograd acknowledged much more study needs to be done before these observations could be used by clinicians, especially since the subjects studied were all college students similar in age, race and location. However she said that the results are a first step.

“I think what is a more immediate clinical utility of this research is putting in a language how we are when we drunk,” explained Winograd, who pointed out that clinicians may be able to someday point out to a person that as a “Mr. Hyde” they have become a less conscientious, agreeable or intellectual person when drinking. “It gives us a language we can use.”

According to the National Institute of Health four out of five college students report drinking and half report binge drinking. While the NIH doesn't report on how alcohol changes student's personalities, they report it has far-reaching effects with 25 percent of students reporting that alcohol has consequences their academic career and that 150,000 students develop an alcohol-related health problem.

Approximately 1.2 to 1.5 percent of students have indicated that drinking or drug use lead to a suicide attempt in the past year.

Copyright © 2015, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.

Friday
Jul172015

Cyber Attack on UCLA Health Could Affect 4.5 Million 

jrwasserman/iStock/Thinkstock(LOS ANGELES) -- UCLA Health was the victim of a criminal cyber attack, the organization announced Friday, though it was not immediately known whether the attacker or attackers accessed any individual's personal or medical information.

UCLA Health said in a press release that as many as 4.5 million individuals could have been targeted in the attack. The organization notes that it is working with the FBI and private computer forensic experts to secure their information on network servers.

"We take this attack on our systems extremely seriously," Interim Associate Vice Chancellor and President of the UCLA Hospital System Dr. James Atkinson said in a statement. "Our patients come first at UCLA Health and confidentiality is a critical part of our commitment to care."

Suspicious activity was first noticed in the network in October 2014, UCLA Health says.

UCLA Health is offering all potentially affected individuals 12 months of identity theft recovery and restoration services, as well as extra health care identity protection tools. Anyone with a Social Security number or Medicare Identification number stored on the affected servers will also receive one year of credit monitoring.

Copyright © 2015, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.

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