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Entries in Lawmakers (2)

Monday
Mar072011

Utah Approves Guest Worker Program for Illegal Immigrants

Photodisc/Thinkstock(SALT LAKE CITY) -- Utah could become the first state in the nation with its own guest worker program, which would grant permits to undocumented immigrants and allow them to continue living and working in the state legally.

The measure passed the Republican-controlled state legislature late Friday as part of a bipartisan deal that also includes an enforcement law, requiring police to check the immigration status of suspects in felony or serious misdemeanor cases.

Republican Gov. Gary Herbert praised lawmakers for crafting a so-called "Utah solution" to the state's illegal immigration problem but has not said whether he will sign the bills.

The federal government would need to grant a waiver to allow Utah to permit immigrant workers who would otherwise not be legally present in the United States.  Such a waiver would be unprecedented, and it's unclear whether a mechanism exists for the state to request one.

Still, passage of the legislation -- in a red state, in a part of the country most affected by illegal immigration -- is significant.

Most congressional Republicans and some Democrats currently oppose plans that would address the legal status of the estimated 12 million illegal immigrants living across the U.S.

Supporters of the Utah bills say they strike the right balance for the economy, recognizing the importance of immigrant workers for businesses and the need to crack down on illegal immigrants involved in crime.

Copyright 2011 ABC News Radio

Thursday
Mar032011

Tennessee Lawmakers Propose Ban on Islamic Holy Law Shariah

Photo Courtesy - Getty Images(NASHVILLE, Tenn.) -- An uproar has erupted in Tennessee over the most far-reaching proposal in the nation against the Islamic religious law known as Shariah.

The legislation would make practicing some versions of Shariah a felony, punishable by up to 15 years in prison.  The bill declares that Shariah is a threat to homeland security because it embraces jihad and "requires" followers to overthrow the U.S. government.

Shariah -- which means "path" in Arabic -- governs many aspects of Muslim life and influences the legal code in a majority of Muslim countries.  But there are many interpretations of Shariah.

In some countries, strict interpretations "are used to justify cruel punishments such as amputation and stoning as well as unequal treatment of women in inheritance, dress and independence," according to the Council on Foreign Relations. Radical Islamist groups, such as al Qaeda, go further, claiming that Shariah justifies jihad, or holy war.

In Europe and even in the U.S., Shariah is being blamed for cases of spousal abuse and so-called "honor killings" of females at the hands of their spouses or male relatives, sometimes stemming from the victims seeking divorce, or dating outside of their religion.

But Christian, Jewish, and Muslim leaders in Tennessee said the bill is so broadly written that it would make it illegal to be a Muslim.  They held a news conference in Nashville Tuesday to denounce the proposed state measure as an attack on religious freedom.

Conservative groups, such as the Tennessee Eagle Forum, back the bill, which has a high-profile sponsor in Rep. Judd Matheny, the state's Republican House speaker pro tempore.  They said Muslims who peacefully practice their religion have nothing to fear.

Lawmakers in at least 13 states have introduced proposals forbidding local judges from considering Shariah when rendering decisions in such matters as child-custody disputes and divorces.  Voters in Oklahoma approved such a law last fall, but a federal judge has temporarily blocked it from taking effect.

The Tennessee legislation goes much further, critics say, potentially making the practice of Sharia -- and Islam itself -- illegal.

Copyright 2011 ABC News Radio







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