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Entries in Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf (2)

Wednesday
Oct122011

Liberia: Opposition Would Welcome Warlord Charles Taylor Home

ISSOUF SANOGO/AFP/Getty Images(MONROVIA, Liberia) -- The opposition party in Liberia, where elections were held Tuesday, said it would welcome back former warlord Charles Taylor if he is acquitted of war crimes in an international criminal court.

Winston Tubman, who is challenging Nobel prize winner Ellen Johnson Sirleaf for the presidency, told the U.K.'s Independent newspaper that since Taylor is a Liberian citizen, he would be allowed to return to Liberia if Tubman wins the election.

Taylor, who was president of Liberia from 1997 to 2003, is being prosecuted on charges of war crimes, including using blood diamonds to buy weapons for rebels in neighboring Sierra Leone, where a civil war cost thousands of lives. His ex-wife, Jewel Howard Taylor, is a member of Tubman's political party.

Incumbent president Sirleaf won a share of the Nobel Peace Prize just last week, but local observers give Tubman and his running mate George Weah, a former international soccer star, a real chance at denying Sirleaf a clear victory in the first round of voting Tuesday, forcing a run off on Nov. 8.  Fourteen other candidates are also vying for the post, including Prince Johnson, infamous for presiding over the videotaped mutilation and execution of ex-Liberian dictator Samuel Doe while drinking a beer.

Taylor has been on trial at the Special Court for Sierra Leone in the Hague since 2006.  A verdict has been expected in the case but has not yet been entered, leading to speculation in Liberia that it had been delayed because of the election.  Peter Andersen, a spokesman for the court, told ABC News that the timing of the verdict had "nothing to do" with the Liberian elections.

"It has more to do with the 50,000+ pages of trial transcripts and around 1,100 exhibits in this very complex case," he said.

Andersen said a verdict had been expected this month, but "since we have not received the promised one-month notice I suspect it will not be October."  Andersen declined to comment on the Independent's report that Tubman would allow Taylor to return.

Taylor, 63, stands accused of 11 counts of war crimes, including acting with or directing militant groups in Sierra Leone who used child soldiers and committed acts of murder, rape and sexual slavery, as well as using illegal "blood diamonds" to fund the Sierra Leone rebels.

In closing arguments in March, Taylor's defense attorney Courtenay Griffiths did not deny the atrocities took place, but argued that there was no proof directly linking Taylor to the crimes.

Griffiths argued instead that the trial was politically motivated, evidenced by the fact that Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi was not brought to trial, despite allegations he too supported some of the same rebel groups, because of British economic interests in Libya.

"This was a court, ostensibly and publicly, set up, we are told, to try those who bear the greatest responsibility," Griffiths told the court. "So why is Colonel Moammar Gadhafi not in the dock?"

Griffiths also said that the trial had gone relatively unnoticed until supermodel Naomi Campbell and Hollywood actress Mia Farrow became involved.

Campbell was subpoenaed by the international tribunal following an ABC News report about allegations that Taylor had given her uncut "blood diamonds" on a trip to South Africa.

In August 2010, Campbell took the stand and admitted she received diamonds from men she believed to be representatives from Taylor.

Farrow, who ate breakfast with Campbell the morning after she received the diamonds, testified a few days later to dispute Campbell's previous statement to ABC News that she did not receive any diamonds.  Farrow had told ABC News that Campbell told her during the 1997 trip that she had received a diamond.

After Campbell's testimony, uncut diamonds were ultimately recovered from Jeremy Ractliffe, an officer of Nelson Mandela's childrens' charity, who said that Campbell gave him the gems after receiving them in 1997.  Campbell said she intended the gems to be a donation.  Ractliffe said he had taken the gems from Campbell because he was afraid she would get into trouble if she tried to take them out of the country, and then did not turn them over to authorities because he did not want to harm the charity's reputation.

Copyright 2011 ABC News Radio

Friday
Oct072011

Nobel Peace Prize Goes to Three Women's Activists

From left, Yemen's Arab Spring activist Tawakkul Karman, Liberian President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf and Liberian 'peace warrior' Leymah Gbowee. GAMAL NOMAN/AFP/Getty Images(OSLO, Norway) -- The 2011 Nobel Peace Prize was split three ways between Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, Leymah Gbowee and Tawakul Karman -- three women who have fought tirelessly to organize women for human rights.

Ellen Johnson Sirleaf is the 24th and current president of Liberia and the only elected female head of state in Africa.  She is currently running for reelection to a second term on Oct. 11 against 15 other candidates.  A Harvard-educated economist, Sirleaf is praised for the growth Liberia has seen since its devastating 14-year civil war; she is expected to win a second term.

Leymah Gbowee is an African peace activist who was a key figure in organizing the movement to bring an end to the Second Liberian Civil War.  Beginning in 2002, Gbowee began the peace movement by organizing women to pray for peace through non-violent protest and prayers for peace.

Tawakul Karman, is a Yemeni journalist and human rights activist, who works for the release of political prisoners in her home country, organizing demonstrations and sit-ins.  One of the loudest voices in the Yemeni protests, she has received several death threats and has became a major figurehead of the ongoing Arab Spring opposition.  A 32 year-old mother of three, she is one of the youngest to receive the prize.

The women were awarded the prize on Friday for their "non-violent struggle for the safety of women and for women's rights to full participation in peace-building work."

The announcement of the three women as shared recipients of this year's prize came as a surprise, as a number of well-known contenders were rumored to be the winners, including Bradley Manning, Mark Zuckerberg and even President Obama for a second time.

According to insiders, the frontrunners for the Peace prize this year included Israa Abdel Fattah, cofounder of the April 6 Youth Movement in Egypt, Tunisian blogger Lina Ben Mhenni, and Egyptian Google executive Wael Ghonim.

Other names that were in the mix were Afghan human rights campaigner Sima Samar, Burmese opposition leader and previous winner Aung Sang Suu Kyi, Zimbabwean prime minister Morgan Tsvangirai, and ex-German chancellor (and perennial nominee) Helmut Kohl.

Organizations can also be awarded the prize, and the Russian civil rights group Memorial, and the European Union, were believed to be in the running this year.

Copyright 2011 ABC News Radio







ABC News Radio