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Entries in Safe Havens (2)

Friday
Oct212011

Hillary Clinton Pushes Pakistan to Crack Down on Militant Safe Havens

Win McNamee/Getty Images(ISLAMABAD) -- In a press conference in Islamabad Friday, Secretary of State Hillary Clinton told Pakistan that it had tolerated safe havens inside its borders for too long.

"If you have a snake in the backyard, you can't expect it to only bite the neighbors," Clinton said.  "It's eventually going to bite you."

The point of that story and her 24-hour trip to the country is clear: lead a high-level delegation along with the U.S.' top spy and top military official to collectively tell the Pakistanis that they need to make a choice -- either kill the Afghan Taliban that has safe havens in Pakistan, help the U.S. kill the Afghan Taliban, or bring the Afghan Taliban to the table.

The key event was Thursday night, when Clinton, CIA Director David Petraeus and Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Gen. Martin Dempsey met with Pakistan's army and ISI chiefs.

It is not yet known how the meeting went, but in the words of one senior U.S. official, it was "tough."

In Friday's press conference, Pakistani Foreign Minister Hina Rabbani Khar admitted there were militant safe havens on the Pakistani side of the border, but insisted that it was time to "give peace a chance" -- code for political talks with the Afghan Taliban.

Clinton echoed Khar's remarks, saying that the goal of her trip wasn't only about attacking militant safe havens.

"The support from the Pakistanis on al Qaeda has been effective.  Now we have to turn our attention to the Afghan Taliban and the Haqqani network," Clinton said.  "We have to get them to talk, and if that fails, then we need to deal with the threat."

Copyright 2011 ABC News Radio

Monday
Oct032011

Pakistan Safe Havens Biggest Challenge for US After 10 Years in Afghanistan

Chip Somodevilla/Getty Images(HERAT, Afghanistan) -- This week marks 10 years of fighting in Afghanistan. Gen. John Allen is now the eighth U.S. commander in charge of the war, charged not only with fighting the unpopular war, but bringing it to an end.

Allen's biggest challenge is the attacks on his troops by fighters coming from safe havens in Pakistan, he said, a nation to which American gives billions of dollars a year.

"It makes me mad every day but, look, I got to deal with what I can deal with, and I deal with it as it comes to the border," he said.

Cross-border attacks increased 500 percent in the past year, from about 60 to more than 300, according to the military.

Allen said the problem with safe havens has gotten worse in the past 10 years.

"That's a question we have to ask the Pakistanis, in the end," he said. "My mandate ends at the border and I'll deal with the Taliban and the Haqqanis as they come across."

The Haqqanis are the arm of the Taliban that U.S. forces encounter mostly in the east.

Allen said the majority of explosives were "probably" coming from Pakistan. The number of improvised explosive devices coming across the border hit a record high this summer at more than 5,000, killing at least 63 troops, according to the military.

"I have ordered a review of relationship of ISAF [International Security Assistance Force] with Pakistan and the intent will be to try to create opportunities for us to collaborate and cooperate in controlling that border," Allen said.

But Allen said the United States was seeking a "constructive relationship" with Pakistan.

"There's much worse than a bad relationship with Pakistan, which is no relationship with Pakistan," he said. "There are complicated dimensions to the relationship between Pakistan and Afghanistan, and Pakistan and the United States, and Pakistan and the international community. It's a complicated and multilayered development."

Dealing with the threat from Pakistan is getting harder. Allen's popular predecessor, now-CIA Director David Petraeus, had 100,000 troops to work with. By this time next year, Allen will have 40 percent fewer forces. Still, Allen is optimistic.

"I happen to believe we can be successful in doing this and I intend to lead this force to be successful," he said.

Allen takes charge at a time when the United States is increasingly becoming impatient with America's longest war. Public support for drawing down U.S. forces in Afghanistan as soon as possible spiked to 56 percent from 48 percent immediately after the killing of Osama bin Laden, according to the Pew Research Center.

Despite bin Laden's killing, Allen said the United States still has a job to do in Afghanistan.

"We came to this region for two reasons: go after al Qaeda," he said, "and to make sure the Taliban don't unseat this government and don't return to power."

Despite 10 years of war, 1,777 U.S. service members killed and $557.1 billion already spent -- for a public whose biggest concern is the faltering economy and lack of jobs -- the war is still worth fighting, Allen said.

Allen said it is hard to tell how many Taliban there are today.

"The problem is, of course, the Taliban are a very large organization. It's a syndicate, almost a criminal syndicate in so many ways. Nobody really knows how many there are. Our [intelligence] estimates would put them between 25 and maybe 30,000, max. But they are distributed all over," he said.

Allen said he does not buy the notion that Americans do not support the war, and that deep down they know success in Afghanistan is as important as it has ever been. But he said he also knows that 10 long years of war have brought terrible pain to troops, families and friends.

Copyright 2011 ABC News Radio







ABC News Radio